The Effects of Immobilization on the Skin

  • Franz U. Steinberg
Part of the Topics in Bone and Mineral Disorders book series (TBMD)


One of the major hazards to face immobilized patients is the breakdown of the skin and underlying tissues. Those areas that are exposed to prolonged and excessive pressures are vulnerable, especially wherever bony prominences are close to the surface. Under normal conditions the skin is protected by frequent movements which shift the body weight from one area to the other. The immobilized patient is incapable of performing these weight shifts, and the same skin area remains under pressure for long periods of time.


Capillary Pressure Pressure Ulcer Skin Area Decubitus Ulcer Reactive Hyperemia 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franz U. Steinberg
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Washington University School of MedicineUSA
  2. 2.The Jewish Hospital of St. LouisUSA

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