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Jean Itard: A Memoir on Stuttering

  • Michael J. Clark
Part of the Studies in Applied Psycholinguistics book series (SAP)

Abstract

Jean-Marie-Gaspard Itard1 was born at Oraison in Provence in April, 1774, and was educated at Riez and Marseilles (latterly by the Orato-rians) during the closing years of the ancien régime in France. His parents, who were comfortably well-off, had originally intended him for a career in banking and commerce in Marseilles, but the upheavals of the French Revolution were to give an altogether different direction to his career. During the siege of Toulon in 1793, at the height of the Revolution, Itard, despite having had no previous medical training or experience whatever, became attached to the military hospital at Soliers as a surgeon, through the influence of a clerical uncle, in order to procure his exemption from active military service. However, Itard soon discovered a genuine vocation for his new career, and after serving as a military surgeon with the Army of Italy at Toulon from 1795 to 1796, he removed to Paris at the end of 1796 to continue his medical studies as an assistant surgeon to the Baron De Larrey at the military hospital of Val-de-Grâce.

Keywords

Military Hospital Speech Disorder Organic Lesion German Physician Communication Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael J. Clark
    • 1
  1. 1.Linacre CollegeOxfordEngland

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