Experimental Studies of Nonlinear Transport in Semiconductors

  • G. Bauer
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSB, volume 52)


This paper is a survey of experimental methods which have been used in hot electron physics. It is restricted to hot electron phe nomena in bulk materials caused by high d.c. or a.c. electric fields. The methods for obtaining transport parameters, electron temperatures and hot electron distribution functions are presented.


Electron Temperature Electric Field Pulse Landau Level Lattice Temperature Carrier Heating 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Acket, G. A., and de Groot, J., 1967, IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. ED-14:505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Acket, G. A., and Vlaardingerbrock, M. T., 1969, in Festkorper-probleme IX, Ed. by O. Madelung, Vieweg, p. 280.Google Scholar
  3. Alberga, G. E., 1978, Ph.D. Thesis, Tech. Univ. Eindhoven, unpublished.Google Scholar
  4. Alberigi-Quaranta, A., Jacoboni, C., and Ottaviani, G., 1971, Rev. Nuovo Cim. 1:445.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Almasov, L. A., 1972, Phys. Stat. Sol.(b) 54:87.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Almasov, L. A., 1973, Phys. Stat. Sol.(b) 58:821.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Almasov, L. A., and Dykman, M. I., 1971, Phys. Stat. Sol.(b) 48:563.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Almasov, L. A., and Dykman, M. I., 1972, Phys. Stat. Sol.(b) 51:751.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ancker-Johnson, B., 1967, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. Suppl., 22:1156.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Asche, M., 1970, Phys. Stat. Sol. 41:67.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Asche, M., and Sarbej, O. G., 1969, Phys. Stat. Sol. 33:9.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Asche, M., and Sarbej, O. G., 1971, Phys. Stat. Sol.(a) 8:K61.Google Scholar
  13. Balkanski, M., and Amzallag, E., 1968, Phys. Stat. Sol. 30:407.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Barker, J. R., 1972, J. Phys. C 5:1167.Google Scholar
  15. Barker, J. R., 1978, Sol.-State Electr. 21:197.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Barker, J. R., and Magnusson, B., 1974, in Proc. Intern. Conf. Phys. Semicond., Stuttgart, Ed. by M. H. Pilkuhn, Teubner, Stuttgart, p. 811.Google Scholar
  17. Bauer, G., 1974, inSpringer Tracts in Modern Phys., Ed. by G. Höhler, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 74:1.Google Scholar
  18. Bauer, G., 1978, Sol.-State Electr. 21:17.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Bauer, G., and Heinrich, H., 1968, J. Sci. Instr. 1:688.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Bauer, G., and Kahlert, H., 1972, Phys. Rev. B 5:566.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Bauer, G., et al., 1973, J. Phys. E 6:186.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Baumgardner, C. A., and Woodruff, T. O., 1968, Phys. Rev. 173:746.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Baynham, A. C., 1965, Sol. State Commun. 3:253.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Baynham, A. C., and Paige, E. G. S., 1963, Phys. Lett. 6:7.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Baynham, A. C., and Paige, E. G. S., 1964, inProc. Intern. Conf. Phys. Semicond., Paris, Ed. by M. Hulin, Dunod, Paris, p. 149.Google Scholar
  26. Bludau, W., and Wagner, E., 1976, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29:204.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Bludau, W., Wagner, E. and Quiesser, H. J., 1976, Sol. State Commun. 18:861.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Bluyssen, H. J. A., Maan, J. C., van Ruyven, L. J., Williams, F., and Wyder, P., 1978, Sol. State Commun. 25:895.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Bonek, E., 1972, J. Appl. Phys. 43:5101.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Bonek, E., Pötzl, H. W., and Richter, K., 1970, J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 31:1151.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Bosch, B. G., and Englemann, R. W., 1975,Gunn Effect Electronics, Pitman, London.Google Scholar
  32. Bosi, S., and Jacoboni, C., 1976, J. Phys. C 9:315.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Braslau, N., and Hauge, P. S., 1970, IEEE Trans. Electr. Dev. ED-17:616.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Brauer, M., Kantelberg, G., Kliefath, K., and Petzel, B., 1977, inProbleme der Festkorperelektronik, 9:166.Google Scholar
  35. Bray, R., and Pinson, W. E., 1963, Phys. Rev. Lett. 11:502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Brazis, R. S., and Pozhela, Yu. K., 1975, Sov. Phys.-Semicond. 9:119.Google Scholar
  37. Burstein, E., 1954, Phys. Rev. 93:632.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Butcher, P. N., 1967, Rept. Prog. Phys. 30:97.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Butcher, P. N., Fawcett, W., and Hilsum, C., 1966, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 17:841.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Calecki, D., 1979, lecture in this volume.Google Scholar
  41. Carroll, J. E., 1970,Hot Electron Microwave Generators, Arnold, London.Google Scholar
  42. Champlin, K. S., Armstrong, D. B., and Gunderson, P. D., 1964, Proc. IEEE 52:644.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Chang, D. M., and Moll, J. L., 1966, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9:283.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Chattopadhyay, D., and Nag, B. R., 1970, Phys. Stat. Sol. 40:701.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Christensen, O., 1971, Ph.D. thesis, Tech. Univ. Denmark, unpublished.Google Scholar
  46. Christensen, O., 1973, Phys. Rev. B 7:763.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Conwell, E. M., 1967,High Field Transport in Semiconductors, Academic, New York. Copeland, J. A., and Knight, S., inSemiconductors and Semimetals, Ed. by R. K. Willardson and A. C. Beer, Academic, New York, 7:3.Google Scholar
  48. Crandall, R. S., 1970, Phys. Rev. B 1:730.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Dargys, A., Sedrakyan, R., and Pozhela, J., 1978, Phys. Stat. Sol.(a) 45:387.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Dienys, V., and Kancleris, Z., 1975, Phys. Stat. Sol.(b) 67:317.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Dienys, V., and Pozhela, Yu. K., inHot Electrons, Lith. Ac. Sci., Vilnius.Google Scholar
  52. Dienys, V., Gintilas, Zh., and Martunus, Z., 1977, Sov. Phys. Semicond. 11:945.Google Scholar
  53. Dornhaus, R., Miiller, K. H., Nimtz, G., and Schifferdecker, M., Phys. Rev. Lett. 37:710.Google Scholar
  54. Dykman, I. M., and Tomchuk, P. M., 1961, Sov. Phys.-Sol. State 2:1988.Google Scholar
  55. Dykman, I. M., and Tomchuk, P. M., 1962, Sov. Phys.-Sol. State 3:1393.Google Scholar
  56. Elliott, B. J., 1968, IEEE Trans. Instr. Meas. IM-17:330.Google Scholar
  57. Evans, A. G. R., Robson, P. N., and Stubbs, M. G., 1972, Electr. Lett. 8:195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Fawcett, W., 1975, inElectronics in Crystalline Solids, Ed. by A. Salam, IAEA, Vienna, p. 531.Google Scholar
  59. Fay, B., and Kino, G. S., 1969, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15:337.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Ferry, D. K., 1973, Phys. Rev. B 8:1544.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Ferry, D. K., Heinrich, H., Keeler, W., and Müller, E. A., 1973, Phys. Rev. B 8:1538.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Foyt, A. G., and McWorther, J., 1966, IEEE Trans. Electr. Dev. ED-13:79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Franz, W., 1958, Z. Naturforsch. 13a:484.ADSMATHGoogle Scholar
  64. Frohlich, H., and Paranjap, B. V., 1956, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) B69:21. Fukui , H., 1966, Proc. IEEE 54:796.Google Scholar
  65. Gershenzon, E. M., 1974, inProc. Intern. Conf. Phys. Semicond., Stuttgart, Ed. by M. H. Pilkuhn, Teubner, Stuttgart, p. 355.Google Scholar
  66. Gibson, A. E., Granville, J. W., and Paige, E. G. S., 1961, J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 19:198.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Glicksman, M., 1972, inPlasma Effects in Solids, Ed. by F. Seitz, D. Turnbull, and H. Ehrenreich, Academic, New York.Google Scholar
  68. Glicksman, M., and Steele, M. C., 1958, Phys. Rev. 110:1204.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Glover, G. H., 1971, J. Appl. Phys. 42:4025; Appl. Phys. Lett. 18:290.MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Glover, G. H., 1972, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20:224.MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Glover, G. H., 1973, J. Appl. Phys. 44:1295.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Goebel, E. O., 1979, inFestkorperprobleme, Ed. by J. Treusch, Vieweg, Braunschweig, 19:in press.Google Scholar
  73. Goebel, E. O., and Hildebrand, O., 1979, Phys. Stat. Sol.(b) in press.Google Scholar
  74. Gornik, E., 1972, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29:595.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Gornik, E., Bauer, G., and Miiller, W., 1976,Intern. Conf. Appl. High Magnetic Fields in Semiconductor Physics, Ed. by G. Landwehr, Wurzburg, p. 221. Gram, N. O., 1972, Phys. Lett. A 38:235.Google Scholar
  76. Grubin, H. L., Shaw, M. P., and Solomon, P. R., 1973, IEEE Trans. Electr. Dev. ED-20:63.Google Scholar
  77. Gueron, M., 1964, inProc. Intern. Conf. Phys. Semicond., Paris, Ed. by M. Hulin, Dunod, Paris, p. 433.Google Scholar
  78. Gulbrandsen, T., Meyer, N. I., and Schjaer-Jacobsen, 1965, Rev. Sci. ;nstr. 36:743.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Gunn, J. B., 1957a, inProgress in Semiconductors, Ed. by A. F. Gibson, Wiley, New York, 8:213.Google Scholar
  80. Gunn, J. B., 1957b, J. Electr. 2:213.Google Scholar
  81. Gunn, J. B., 1963, Sol. State Commun. 1:88.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Gunn, J. B., 1964, inPlasma Effects in Solids, Ed. by J. Bok, Dunod, Paris, p. 199.Google Scholar
  83. Gunn, J. B., and Elliott, B. J., 1966, Phys. Lett. 22:369.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Hamaguchi, C., and Inuishi, Y., 1966, J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 27:1511.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Hamilton, D. C., and McWorther, A. L., 1969, inLight Scattering Spectra of Solids, Ed. by G. B. Wright, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p. 309.Google Scholar
  86. Harper, P. G., Hodby, J. W., and Stradling, R. A., 1973, Rept. Prog. Phys. 36:1.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Hartnagel, H., 1968,Semiconductor Plasma Instabilities, Heinemann, London.Google Scholar
  88. Hasegawa, A., and Yamashita, J., 1962, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 17:1751.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Hayes, R. E., and Raymond, R. M., 1977, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31:300.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Hearn, C. J., 1965, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 86:881; Phys. Lett. 20:113.ADSGoogle Scholar
  91. Heinrich, H., 1971, Phys. Rev. B 3:416.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Heinrich, H., and Jantsch, W., 1969, Sol. State Commun. 7:377.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Heinrich, H., and Jantsch, W., 1971, Phys. Rev. B 4:2404.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Heinrich, H., and Keeler, W., 1972, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21:171.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Hess, K., and Kahlert, H., 1970, J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 32:2262.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Hess, K., and Seeger, K., 1969, Z. Phys. 218:431.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Hess, K., and Seeger, K., 1970, Z. Phys. 237:252.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Hildebrand, O., Goebel, E. O., Romanek, K. M., Weber, H., and Mahler, G., 1978, Phys. Rev. B 17:4775.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Hilsum, C., 1962, Proc. IRE 50:185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Hilsum, C., 1972, inProc. Intern. Conf. Phys. Semicond., Warsaw, Ed. by M. Miasek, Polish Sci. Publ., Warsaw, p. 585.Google Scholar
  101. Hilsum, C., 1978, Sol.-State Electr. 21:5.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Hobson, G. S., 1973, J. Phys. E 6:229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Hobson, G. S., 1974,The Gunn Effect, Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  104. Holm-Kennedy, J. W., and Champlin, K. S., 1972, J. Appl. Phys. 43:1878; 43:1890.Google Scholar
  105. Houghton, J. T., and Smith, S. D.,Infrared Physics, Clarendon Press, Oxford, p. 131.Google Scholar
  106. Hoult, R. A., 1975, Ph.D. Thesis, Oxford, unpublished.Google Scholar
  107. Houston, B., Restorff, J. B., Allgaier, R. S., Burke, J. R., Ferry, D. K., and Antypas, G. A., 1978, Sol.-State Electr. 21:91. Inoue, M., Ashida, K., Sugino, T., Shirafuji, Y., and Inuishi, Y., 1973, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 12:932.Google Scholar
  108. Inoue, M., Takenaka, N., Shirafuji, Y., and Inuishi, Y., 1978, Sol.-State Electr. 21:1527.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Ipatova, I. P., Kazarinov, P. E., and Shubashiev, A. V., 1966, Sov. Phys.-Semicond. 7:1714.Google Scholar
  110. Jacoboni, C., 1976, inProc. Intern. Conf. Phys. Semiconductors, Rome, Ed. by F. G. Fumi, Tipografia Marves, Rome, p. 1195.Google Scholar
  111. Jacoboni, ., Canali, C., Ottaviani, G., and Alberigi-Quaranta, A., 1977, Sol.-State Electr. 20:77.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Jantsch, W., and Brücker, H., 1977, Phys. Rev. B 15:4014.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Jantsch, W., and Heinrich, H., 1970, Rev. Sci. Instr. 41:228.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Jantsch, W., and Heinrich, H., 1971, Phys. Rev. B 3:420.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Johnson, E. J., and Dickey, D. H., 1970, Phys. Rev. B 1:2676.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Jorgensen, M. H., Gram, N. O., and Meyer, N. I., 1972, Sol. State Commun. 10:337.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Kahlert, H., 1975, Phys. Stat. Sol.(b) 71:151.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Kahlert, H., and Seiler, D. G., 1977, Rev. Sci. Instr. 48:1017.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Kaplan, D., and Konopka, J., 1968, inProc. Intern. Conf. Phys. Semicond., Moscow, Ed. by S. Ryvkin, Nauka, Leningrad, p. 1146.Google Scholar
  120. Kasai, K., Shirakawa, T., and Hamaguchi, C., 1978, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 44:216.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Keldysh, L. V., 1958, Sov. Phys.-JETP 7:788.Google Scholar
  122. Kinch, M. A., 1966, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 17:1257.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Kinch, M. A., 1967, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 90:819.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Kino, G. S., and Robson, P. N., 1968, Proc. IEEE 56:2057.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Klein, M. V., 1975, inLight Scattering in Solids, Ed. by M. Cardona, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p. 148.Google Scholar
  126. Kobayashi, K. L. I., and Otsuka, E., 1972, Sol. State Commun. 11:815; also inProc. Intern. Conf. Phys. Semicond., Warsaw, Ed. by M. Miasek, Polish Sci. Publ., Warsaw, p. 903.Google Scholar
  127. Kogan, Sh. M., Shadrin, V. D., and Shulman, Y. Ya., 1976, Sov. Phys.-JETP 41:686.ADSGoogle Scholar
  128. Konopka, J., 1970, Phys. Rev. Lett. 24:666.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Kriechbaum, M., Lischka, K., Kuchar, F., and Heinrich. H., 1972, inProc. Intern. Conf. Phys. Semicond., Warsaw, Ed. by M. Miasek, Polish Sci. Publ., Warsaw, p. 615.Google Scholar
  130. Kroemer, H., 1966, IEEE Trans. Electr. Dev. ED-13:27.Google Scholar
  131. Kubo, R., in100 Years of the Boltzmann Equation, Ed. by M. H. Cohen and W. Thirring, Springer-Verlag, Vienna, p. 301.Google Scholar
  132. Kuchar, F., Philipp, A., and Seeger, K., 1972, Sol. State Commun. 11:965.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Lagois, J., Wagner, E., Bludau, W., and Lösch, K., 1978, Phys. Rev. B 18:4325.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Landsberg, P. T., 1965, inLectures in Theoretical Physics, Boulder, Colo., 8A:313.Google Scholar
  135. Larrabee, R. D., 1959, J. Appl. Phys. 30:857.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Leheny, R. F., and Shah, J., 1977, Phys. Rev. B 16:1577.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Leheny, R. F., and Shah, J., 1978, Sol.-State Electr. 21:167.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Leite, R. C. C., 1978, Sol.-State Electr. 21:177.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Levinshtein, M. E., and Shur, M. S., 1975, Sov. Phys.-Semicond. 9:411.Google Scholar
  140. Levinson, I. B., 1974, Sov. Phys.-Semicond. 7:1121.Google Scholar
  141. Lewiner, C., and Calecki, D., 1978, Sol.-State Electr. 21:185.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Lifschitz, T. M., Oleinikov, A. Ya., Romanovtsev, V. V., and Shulman, A. Ya., 1972, inProc. Intern. Conf. Phys. Semicond., Warsaw,Ed. by M. Miasek, Polish Sci. Publ., Warsaw, p. 608.Google Scholar
  143. Löschner, H., 1972a, J. Appl. Phys. 43:3585.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Loschner, H., 1972b, Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Vienna, unpublished.Google Scholar
  145. Löschner, H., Zimmerl, O., Frank, K., Hillbrand, H., König, W., and Pötzl, H., 1972, inProc. Intern. Conf. Phys. Semicond., Warsaw, Ed. by M. Miasek, Polish Sci. Publ., Warsaw, p. 630.Google Scholar
  146. Maneval, J. P., Zylberstejn, A., and Budd, H. F., 1969, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23:848.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Matsuda, O., and Otsuka, E., 1978, Sol. State Commun. 26:925.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Matsuda, O., and Otsuka, E., 1979, J. Phys. Chem. Sol, in press.Google Scholar
  149. Matrilenis, A., Pozhela, Yu. K., and Reklaitis, A. S., 1975, Sol. State Commun. 16:1133.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. McGroddy, J. C., 1970, IEEE Tran. Electr. Dev. ED-17:207.Google Scholar
  151. McGroddy, J. C., and Nathan, M. I., 1967, IBM J. Res. Develop. 11:337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. McGroddy, J. C, Nathan, M. I., and Smith, J. E., 1969, IBM J. Res. Develop. 13:543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Miyazawa, H., 1969, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 26:700.Google Scholar
  154. Miyazawa, H., and Ikoma, H., 1967, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 23:290.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Mooradian, A., inLaser Handbook, Ed. by F. T. Arecchi and 0. E. Schulz-Dubois, North-Holland, Amsterdam, p. 1409.Google Scholar
  156. Moore, B. T., Seiler, D. G., and Kahlert, H., 1978, Sol.-State Electr. 21:247.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Morgan, T. N., 1959, J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 8:245.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Morgan, T. N., and Kelly, C. E., 1965, Phys. Rev. 137:A1573.Google Scholar
  159. Miiller, W., 1976, Ph.D. Thesis, Techn. Univ. of Vienna, unpublished.Google Scholar
  160. Müller, W., Gornik, E., Bridges, T. J., and Chang, T. Y., 1978a, Sol.-State Electr. 21:1455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Müller, W., Kohl, F., Partl, H., and Gornik, E., 1978b, Sol.-State Electr. 21:235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Nag, B. R., 1972, Theory of Electrical Transport in Semiconductors Pergamon, Oxford.Google Scholar
  163. Narayanamurti, V., Logan, R. A., Chin, M. A., and Lax, M., 1978, Sol.-State Electr. 21:1295; Phys. Rev. Lett. 40:63.ADSGoogle Scholar
  164. Neukermans, A., and Kino, G. S., 1973, Phys. Rev. B 7:2693,2703.Google Scholar
  165. Obiditsch, M., and Kahlert, H., 1976, Phys. Stat. Sol.(b) 77:677.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. Ohtomo, M., 1968, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 7:1368.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. Paige, E. G. S., 1964, inProgress in Semiconductors, Ed. by A. F. Gibson, Wiley, New York, 2:213.Google Scholar
  168. Parfenev, R. V., Kharus, G. I., Tsidilkovskii, I. M., and Shalyt, S. S., 1974, Sov. Phys.-Uspekhi 17:1.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Parti, H., Muller, W., Kohl, F., and Gornik, E., 1978, J. Phys. C 11:1091. Peskett, G. D., and Roland, V. B., 1963, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 82:467.Google Scholar
  170. Peterson, R. L., 1975, inSemiconductors and Semimetals, Ed. by R. K. Willardson and A. C. Beer, Academic, New York, 10:221.Google Scholar
  171. Philipp, A., Kuchar, F., and Seeger, K., 1977, Phys. Stat. Sol.(b) 79:115.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. Pinson, W. E., and Bray, R., 1964, Phys. Rev. 136:A1449.Google Scholar
  173. Price, P., 1978, Sol.-State Electr. 21:9.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. Prior, A. C., 1959, J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 12:175.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. Racek, W., and Bauer, G., 1976, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37:1032.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. Reggiani, L., 1979, lecture in this volume.Google Scholar
  177. Reupert, W., Lassmann, K., and de Groot, P., 1976, inPhonon Scattering in Solids, Ed. by L. J. Challis, Plenum, New York, p. 315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. Ridley, B. K., 1977, J. Appl. Phys. 48:754.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. Ridley, B. K., and Watkins, T. B., 1961, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 78:293.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. Rohlfing, D. C., and Prohofsky, E. W., 1975, Phys. Rev. B 12:3242.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. Romanovtsev, V. V., and Shulman, A. Ya., 1974, Sov. Phys.-Semicond. 8:364.Google Scholar
  182. Rowell, J. M., and Tsui, D. C., 1976, Phys. Rev. B 14:2456.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. Ruch, J. G., and Kino, G. S., 1967, Appl. Phys. Lett. 10:40.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. Ruch, J. G., and Kino, G. S., 1968, Phys. Rev. 174:921.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. Ruthroff, C. L., 1959, Proc. IRE 47:1337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. Ryder, E. J., 1953, Phys. Rev. 90:766.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. Ryder, E. J., and Shockley, W., 1951, Phys. Rev. 81:139.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. Sandercock, J. R., 1965, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 86:1221.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. Sandercock, J. R., 1969, Sol. State Commun. 7:721.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. Sasaki, W., and Shibuya, M., 1956, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 11:1202.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. Sasaki, W., Shibuya, M., and Mizuguchi, K., 1958, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 13:456.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. Sasaki, W., Shibuya, M., Mizuguchi, K., and Hatoyama, G. M., 1959, J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 8:250.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. Schmidt-Tiedemann, K. J., 1961, Phys. Rev. Lett. 7:732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. Schmidt-Tiedemann, K. J., 1962, inFestkorperprobleme, Ed. by F. Sauter, Vieweg, Braunschweig, 1:122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. Schmidt-Tiedemann, K. J., 1963, Philips Res. Repts. 18:338.Google Scholar
  196. Schneider, W., and Seeger, K., 1966, Appl. Phys. Lett. 8:133.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. Sclar, N., and Burstein, E., 1957, J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 2:1.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. Seeger, K., 1959, Phys. Rev. 114:476.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. Seeger, K., 1963a, Z. Phys. 172:68.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. Seeger, K., 1963b, J. Appl. Phys. 34:1608.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. Seeger, K., 1973,Semiconductor Physics, Springer-Verlag, Vienna.Google Scholar
  202. Seifert, F., 1965, Proc. IEEE 53:752.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. Seiler, D. G., Editor, 1978,Proc. 1977 Hot Electron Conf., Denton, Texas, in Sol.-State Electr. 21:1–323.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  204. Seiler, D. G., Barker, J. R., and Moore, B. T., 1978, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41:319.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. Shah, J., 1978, Sol.-State Electr. 21:43.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. Shah, J., and Leite, R. C. C., 1964, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22:1304.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. Shirakawa, T., Hamaguchi, C., and Nakai, J., 1973, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 35:1098.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. Shockley, W., 1951, Bell Sys. Tech. J. 30:990.Google Scholar
  209. Shur, M. S., 1969, Phys. Lett. 29A:490.Google Scholar
  210. Southgate, P. D., Hall, D. S., and Dreeben, A. B., 1971, J. Appl. Phys. 42:2868.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. Stradling, R. A., and Wood, R. A., 1968, J. Phys. C 1:1711.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. Stratton, R., 1957, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A242:355.Google Scholar
  213. Stratton, R., 1958, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A246:306Google Scholar
  214. Takenaka, N., Inoue, M., Shirafuji, J., and Inuishi, Y., 1979, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. in press.Google Scholar
  215. Thim, H., 1971, in Solid State Devices, Inst. of Physics, London, p. 87.Google Scholar
  216. Thim, H., and Pötzl, H. W., 1976, inSolid State Devices, Inst. of Phys., London, 32:73.Google Scholar
  217. Ulbrich, R. G., 1978a, Sol.-State Electr. 21:51.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. Ulbrich, R. G., 1978b, inProc. Intern. Conf. Phys. Semicond., Edinburgh, Ed. by B. L. H. Wilson, Inst, of Phys., London, p. 11.Google Scholar
  219. Ulbrich, R. G., 1979, lecture in this volume.Google Scholar
  220. van Welzenis, R. G., 1972, Ph.D. Thesis, Techn. Univ. Eindhoven, unpublished.Google Scholar
  221. van Welzenis, R. G., and Sens, A. F. C., 1971, Rev. Sci. Instr. 42:722.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. Vasko, F. T., 1973, Sov. Phys.-Solid State 15:1136.Google Scholar
  223. von der Linde, D., and Lambrich, R. G., 1979, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42:1090.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. Vorobev, L. E., Komissarov, V. S., and Stafeev, V. I., 1971, JETP Lett. 13:98.ADSGoogle Scholar
  225. Vorobev, L. E., Komissarov, V. S., and Stafeev, V. I., 1972a, Phys. Stat. Sol.(b) 52:25.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  226. Vorobev, L. E., Stafeev, V. I., and Ushakov, A. Yu., 1972b, Phys. Stat. Sol.(b) 53:431.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. Vorobev, L. E., Komissarov, V. S., and Stafeev, V. I., 1972c, Sov. Phys.-Semicond. 6:1009.Google Scholar
  228. Vorobev, L. E., Stafeev, V. I., and Ushakov, A. Yu., 1973, Sov. Phys.-Semicond. 7:624.Google Scholar
  229. Vorobev, L. E., Pozhela, Yu. K., Reklaitis, A. S., Smirnitskaya, E. S., Stafeev, V. I., and Fedortsov, A. B., 1978, Sov. Phys.-Semicond. 12:433, 440.Google Scholar
  230. Whalen, J. J., and Westgate, C. R., 1970, IEEE Trans. Electr. Dev. ED-17:30.Google Scholar
  231. Wood, V. E., 1969, J. Appl. Phys. 40:3740.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. Yamada, E., and Kurosawa, T., 1973, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 34:603.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  233. Yao, T., Inagaki, K., and Maekawa, S., 1975, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 38:1394.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. Zawadski, W., 1973, inNew Developments in Semiconductors, Ed. by P. R. Wallace, Nordhoff, Leyden, p. 441. Zawadzki, W., Bauer, G., Racek, W., and Kahlert, H., 1976, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37:1032.Google Scholar
  235. Zlobin, A. M., and Zaryanov, P. S., 1970, Sov. Phys.-JETP 31:513.ADSGoogle Scholar
  236. Zlobin, A. M., and Zaryanov, P. S., 1972, Sov. Phys.-Uspekhi 14:379.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. Zucker, J., Fowler, V. J., and Conwell, E. M., 1961, J. Appl. Phys. 32:2606.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Bauer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für PhysikMontanuniversität LeobenLeobenAustria

Personalised recommendations