Interfacial Behavior of Polymer Colloids

I. Surface Excess Thermodynamic Properties of Aqueous Cellulose Ether Solutions
  • James A. Wingrave


The surface tensions of aqueous solutions of variously substituted cellulose ether surfactants were measured over the complete concentration range and at varying temperatures. The surface excess thermodynamic expressions for these surfactant systems are derived and used to calculate the characteristic interracial thickness parameter, the surface excess interracial adsorption of the surfactants and the surface excess entropy, enthalpy, and free energy of the respective solutions. The relationship of these properties to the molecular structure of the cellulose ether surfactant molecules is discussed. From this analysis, several conclusions regarding physical properties such as protective colloid behavior can be made.


Surface Tension Critical Micelle Concentration Interfacial Behavior Cellulose Ether Anhydroglucose Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    E. D. Klug, D. P. Winquist, and C. A. Lewis, in “Water Soluble Polymers, Polymer Science and Technology,” Volume 2, Plenum Press, New York, pp. 401–416, 1973.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    I. M. Timokhin, N. I. Lyzhina, Maslo-Zhir. Prom., 37 (6), 18 (1971).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. J. Desmarais and H. o. Esser, Soc. Chem. Ind. (London, Monogr. No. 24), 57 (1966).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. L. Cayais, R. S. Schechter and W. H. Wade, “Adsorption at Interfaces,” A. C. S. Symposium Series, No. 8, 234 (1975).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Defay, I. Prigogine, A. Bellemans, D. H. Everett, “Surface Tension and Adsorption,” Wiley and Sons, New York, 1966, pp. 55–57.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. W. Gibbs, “The Collected Works of J. W. Gibbs,” Yale University Press, New Haven, 1948, Vol. 1, pp. 219–229.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. H. Everett, ed., Pure and Appl. Chem. J., J31, 599 (1972).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    F. W. Billmeyer, Jr., “Textbook of Polymer Science,” 2nd Ed., Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1971, pp. 39–41.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. A. Chang and D. G. Gray, J. Colloid and Interface Science, to be published.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Th. G. Overbeek, “Colloid and Surface Chemistry. Part 1, Surface Chemistry,” M.I.T. Center for Advanced Engineering Study, Cambridge, 1971, pp. 6.1–6.13.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. W. Adamson, “Physical Chemistry of Surfaces,” 2nd Ed., Interscience, New York, 1967, pp. 92–3.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. T. Davies and E. R. Rideal, “Interfacial Phenomena,” 2nd Ed., Academic Press, 1963, pp. 200–201.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. M. G. Lankveld, Meded. Landbouwhogesch. Wageningen, No. 70-21, 1–114 (1970).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    “Encyclopaedia of Polymer Science and Technology,” Volume 3, Interscience, New York, 1965, p. 504.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • James A. Wingrave
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemicals Research Division, 203 Technical Service CenterContinental Oil CompanyPonca CityUSA

Personalised recommendations