Fast Quantitative Analysis of a Wide Variety of Halogenated Compounds in Surface-, Drinking-, and Ground-Water

  • G. J. Piet
  • P. Slingerland
  • G. H. Bijlsma
  • C. Morra
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 16)


A fast quantitative analysis of a wide range of halogenated compounds in water below the microgram/litre level is performed with a glass capillary column coupled to an electron capture detector on line with a flame ionization detector. Specific parameters which are used for the confirmation of individual organo-halogen compounds in complex mixtures are very accurate retention indices and the signal ratio numbers of the E.C.D. and F.I.D. detector. A split-less injection system and a technique to avoid base line drift during temperature programming make it possible to analyze a wide variety of halogen compounds from chlorobenzene up to PCBs in one straight run.

When this technique is combined with a direct head-space procedure, compounds such as trihalomethanes, trichloroethane etc. can be analyzed too.

Results of the analyses of water of the river Rhine, and tapwater derived from surface water are presented.


Chemical Oxygen Demand Drinking Water Supply Odour Threshold Water Treatment System Glass Capillary Column 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. (1).
    Analysis of organic compounds in water to support health effect studies. Voorburg,WHO International Reference Centre for Community Water Supply, 1976. W.H.O. Technical Paper Series No. 9.Google Scholar
  2. (2).
    Zoeteman, B.C.J. Sensory assessment and chemical composition of drinking water. Thesis, State University Utrecht. Voorburg, National Institute for Water Supply, 1978.Google Scholar
  3. (3).
    The National Research Council. Drinking water and health. Washington, National Academy of Sciences, 1977.Google Scholar
  4. (4).
    Health effects relating to direct and indirect re-use of waste water for human consumption. Voorburg, WHO International Reference Centre for Community Water Supply, 1975. W.H.O. Technical Paper Series No. 7.Google Scholar
  5. (5).
    Keith, L.H. Identification and analysis of organic pollutants in water. Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor Science, 1976.Google Scholar
  6. (6).
    Piet, G.J., Zoeteman, B.C.J., Slingerland, P. The effect of chlorination on drinking water quality. Presented at the seminar: “Gesundheitliche Probleme des Wasserchlorung und Bewertung des dabei gebildeten organischen Verbindungen” at December 12th, 1977, Bundes Gesundheitsambt, WaBoLu, Berlin.Google Scholar
  7. (7).
    Slooff, W., Zoeteman, B.C.J. Toxicological aspects of some frequently detected organic compounds in drinking water. Voorburg, National Institute for Water Supply, 1976. RID-Report 76–15 prepared for the Commission of the European Communities.Google Scholar
  8. (8).
    Nettenbreijer, A.H., Gemert, L.J. van. Compilation of odour threshold values in air and water. Voorburg, National Institute for Water Supply, 1977.Google Scholar
  9. (9).
    Piet, G.J., Slingerland, P., Grunt, F.E., Heuvel, M.P.M. van der, Zoeteman, B.C.J. Determination of very volatile halogenated organic compounds in water by means of direct head-space analysis. Analytical Letters, A 11(5), 437–444 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. (10).
    Onuska, F.L., Comba, M.E., Bistricki, T. and Wilkinson, R.J. Journal of Chromatography, 142, 117, (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. J. Piet
    • 1
  • P. Slingerland
    • 1
  • G. H. Bijlsma
    • 1
  • C. Morra
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute for Water SupplyLeidschendamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations