Formation of Trihalomethanes During Chlorination and Determination of Halogenated Hydrocarbons in Drinking Water

  • Masashi Kajino
  • Masakazu Yagi
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 16)


In 1974, Rook reported that chloroform and bromine-containing trihalomethanes (THM) were present in chlorinated water at much higher concentrations than in raw water. It was proposed that these trihalomethanes were produced by action of chlorine on humic substances comprising natural organic color in raw water.


Humic Acid Free Chlorine Residual Chlorine Headspace Analysis Chlorine Dosage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Dow Chemical, U.S.A. Jan 7, 1972. “Chlorinated Organics and Hydrocarbons in Water by Vapor Phase Partitioning and Gas Chromatographic Analysis” Method No. QA-466.Google Scholar
  2. Kajino, Masashi. July, 1977. “Formation of Trihalomethanes During Chlorination” J. JWWA, No. 514, 17–36.Google Scholar
  3. Nicholson, Arnold A., and Otto Meresz. 1975. “Analysis of Volatile, Halogenated Organics in Water by Direct Aqueous Injection-Gas Chromatography” Bull. Environ. Contain. Toxicol., Vol. 14, No. 4, 435–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Richard, J.J., and G.A. Junk. Jan, 1977. “Liquid Extraction for the Rapid Determination of Halomethanes in Water”. J.AWWA, Vol. 69, 62–64.Google Scholar
  5. Rook, J.J. June 1974. “Formation of Haloforms During Chlorination of Natural Waters”. Water Treatment and Examination, 23, Part 2, 234–243.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masashi Kajino
    • 1
  • Masakazu Yagi
    • 1
  1. 1.Water Exam. Lab.Osaka Municipal Water Works BureauOsaka 533Japan

Personalised recommendations