Chlorinated Phenolic Compounds: Formation, Detection, and Toxicity in Drinking Water
Chlorination is extensively practiced in wastewater treatment to disinfect the effluent prior to discharge, particularly where the receiving water may be used for recreational purposes or as a source of potable water. Recently, it has been demonstrated that industrial effluents, particularly those subjected to biological treatment may require disinfection to meet current receiving water bacterial standards. Zillick (1972) has pointed out that the chlorination of municipal wastewater increases its toxicity to aquatic life. One of the major problems associated with disinfection of water supplies by chlorination is that the organoleptic properties of the chlorinated water may be increased. This malodorous water often is produced by a reaction between free available chlorine and trace concentrations of organic compounds, especially phenol and its derivatives.
KeywordsPhenolic Compound Water Work Organoleptic Property Hollow Cathode Lamp Chlorinate Water
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