Advertisement

Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry of Hydrocarbons and Halohydrocarbons

  • Alex G. Harrison
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 16)

Abstract

Since the technique of chemical ionization was first introduced by Munson and Field (1966), chemical ionization mass spectrometry (CIMS) has developed into a powerful tool for the identification and quantitaton of organic molecules and, thus, has found extensive application, particularly in the biomedical and environmental fields. In CIMS ionization of the sample of interest is effected by ion-molecule reactions rather than by electron impact, photon impact, or field ionization/desorption and often provides information complementary to these techniques rather than supplementary. Although much of the earlier work utilized positive ion-molecule reactions, in recent years there has been an increased interest in negative ion chemical ionization. In the present review we shall first consider positive ion chemical ionization, for which a much greater body of published data exists, and then briefly review the smaller amount of data concerned with negative ion chemical ionization. Throughout we will concentrate on studies involving hydrocarbons and halohydrocarbons, the species of major interest in the present symposium.

Keywords

Charge Exchange Proton Transfer Chemical Ionization Proton Affinity Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Biros, F.J., R.C. Dougherty, and J. Dalton. 1972. Org. Mass Spectrom., 6, 1161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blum, W., and W.J. Richter. 1973. Tetrahed. Letts., 11, 835.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bruins, A.P., A.J. Ferrer-Correia, A.G. Harrison, K.R. Jennings, and R.K. Mitchum. 1978. Adv. Mass Spectrom., 7, 355.Google Scholar
  4. Dougherty, R.C., J. Dalton, and F.J. Biros. 1972. Org. Mass Spectrom., 6, 1171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dougherty, R.C., J.D. Roberts, and F.J. Biros. 1975. Anal. Chem., 47, 54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dzidic, I., D.I. Carroll., R.N. Stillwell, and E.C. Horning. 1975. Anal. Chem., 47, 1308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ferrer-Correia, A.J., K.R. Jennings, and D.K. Sen Sharma. 1976. Org. Mass Spectrom., 11, 867.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ferrer-Correia, A.J., K.R. Jennings, and D.K. Sen Sharma. 1978. Adv. Mass Spectrom. 7, 287.Google Scholar
  9. Field, F.H. 1968. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 90, 5649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Field, F.H. 1972. In Mass Spectrometry, MTP Review of Science. Vol. 5, Series 1, A. Maccoll, Ed., Butterworths, London.Google Scholar
  11. Field, F.H. and M.S.B. Munson. 1967. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 89, 4272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Field, F.H., M.S.B. Munson, and D.A. Becker. 1966. Adv. Chem. Series, 58, 167.Google Scholar
  13. Harless, R.L., E.O. Oswald. 1977. Paper presented at 25th Annual Conference on Mass Spectrometry, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  14. Harrison, A.G., and P.-H. Lin. 1975. Can. J. Chem. 53, 1314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Harrison, A.G. and F.I. Onuska. 1978. Org. Mass Spectrom, 13, 35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Harrison, A.G., P-H. Lin, and C.W. Tsang. 1976. Int. J. Mass Spectrom., Ion Phys., 19, 23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Harrison, A.G., P-H. Lin, and H.-W. Leung. 1978. Adv. Mass Spectrom., 7, 1394.Google Scholar
  18. Horning, E.C., M.G. Horning, D.I. Carroll, I. Dzidic, and R.N. Stillwell. 1973. Anal. Chem., 45, 936.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Houriet, R., G. Parisod, and T. Gaumann. 1977. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 99, 3599.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hunt, D.F., and T.M. Harvey. 1975a. Anal. Chem., 47, 1965.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hunt, D.F., and T.M. Harvey. 1975b. Anal. Chem., 47, 2136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hunt, D.F., T.M. Harvey, and J.W. Russell. 1975. J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm., 151.Google Scholar
  23. Hunt, D.F., W.C. Brumley, G.C. Stafford, and F.K. Butz. 1977. Paper presented at 25th Annual Conference on Mass Spectrometry, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  24. Hunt, D.F., G.C. Stafford, F.W. Crow, and J.W. Russell. 1976. Anal. Chem., 48, 2098.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jardine, I., and C. Fenselau. 1976. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 98, 5086.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Jennings, K.R. 1977. In Mass Spectrometry Vol. 4, Specialist Periodical Report, Chemical Society, London.Google Scholar
  27. Kebarle, P. 1977. Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem., 28, 445.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lee, M.L., and R.A. Hites. 1977. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 99, 2008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Leung, H.-W., and A.G. Harrison. 1976. Can. J. Chem., 54, 3439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Leung, H.-W., and A.G. Harrison. 1978. unpublished results.Google Scholar
  31. Leung, H.-W., H. Ichikawa, Y.-H. Li, and A.G. Harrison. 1978. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 100, 2479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Li, Y.-H., and A.G. Harrison. 1978. Unpublished results.Google Scholar
  33. Lindholm, E. 1972. In Ion Molecule Reactions Vol. 2, J.L. Franklin, Ed., Plenum Press, N.Y.Google Scholar
  34. McKinney, J.D., E.O. Oswald, S.M. Palaszek, and B.J. Corbett. 1974. In F. Biros and R. Haque, Eds., Mass Spectrometry and NMR Spectroscopy in Pesticide Chemistry, Plenum Publ., N.Y. pp 5–32.Google Scholar
  35. Munson, M.S.B., and F.H. Field. 1966. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 88, 2621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Munson, M.S.B., and F.H. Field. 1967. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 89, 1047.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Oswald, E.O., P.W. Albro, and J.D. McKinney. 1974. J. Chromatog. 98, 363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Oswald, E.O., L. Levy, B.J. Corbett, and M.P. Walker. 1974. J. Chromatog. 93, 63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ryan, P.W. 1977. Paper presented at 25th Annual Conference on Mass Spectrometry, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  40. Subba Rao, S.C., and C. Fenselau. 1978. Anal. Chem., 50, 511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sunner, J. and I. Szabo. 1978. Adv. Mass Spectrom., 7, 1383.Google Scholar
  42. Tannenbaum, H.P., J.D. Roberts, and R.C. Dougherty. 1975. Anal. Chem., 47, 49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alex G. Harrison
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations