Assertiveness, Fears, and Preferred Reinforcements of Patients and Staff in a Therapeutic Community for Drug Abusers

  • Louis A. Moffett
  • Richard N. Bale


Clinical descriptions (e.g., MacKinnon and Michels, 1971) of drug addicts portray them as impulsive, passive, dependent, having low tolerance for frustration and discomfort including anxiety, and reduced pleasure in living, with especially impoverished interpersonal relationships. Many drug addicts are often indentified as sociopathic, borderline, or narcissistic characters (e.g., Kernberg, 1975; Vaillant, 1975). These clinical descriptions are generally more consistent than the results of standardized measuring instruments. Beyond finding that addicts are clearly more maladjusted than normals, there has been little evidence for a single addictive personality or even for specific personality traits that are characteristic across all populations of drug abusers (Platt and Labate, 1976). Furthermore, the manifest personality of drug addicts may change dramatically when seen in an inpatient rather than an outpatient setting (Vaillant, 1975). In any case, the common stereotype of the drug addict depicts him as a socially undesirable character.


Drug Abuser Drug Addict Therapeutic Community Heroin Addict Current Resident 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louis A. Moffett
    • 1
    • 2
  • Richard N. Bale
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Veterans Administration HospitalPalo AltoUSA
  2. 2.Stanford University School of MedicineUSA

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