Sex Role Identification of Drug Addicts

  • Robert W. Weiss
  • Don Russakoff


Societal norms regarding the differential appropriateness of various behavior patterns and psychological characteristics for each sex are learned at an early age, so that by age six the interests, activities, and attitudes of boys and girls diverge substantially (Guttentag and Bray, 1976). Generally, masculinity is associated with a task orientation — a focus on getting things done; while fem­ininity is associated with an orientation toward emotional expres­siveness and concern for others (Bem, 1974). In American society, it is more desirable and appropriate for a man to act as a leader, be assertive and analytical; it is more desirable for women to be affectionate, understanding and compassionate.


Drug Addict Role Identity Male Client Femininity Score Psychological Androgyny 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bem, S. 1974. The Measurement of Psychological Androgyny. J. Consult & Clin. Psych. 42: 155–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bem, S. 1975. Sex-role Adaptability: One Consequence of Psychological Androgyny. J. Pers. & Social Psych. 31: 634–643.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bem, S. 1976. Scoring Packet: Bem Sex-Role Inventory. Stanford University Psychology Department Mimeograph.Google Scholar
  4. Guttentag, M. and Bray, H. 1976. Undoing Sex Stereotypes. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  5. Maccoby, E. and Jacklin, C. 1974. The Psychology of Sex Differences. California: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Salmon, R. and Salmon, S. 1977. The Causes of Heroin Addiction–A Review of the Literature. Part 1. Int. J. Addict. 12: 679–696.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert W. Weiss
    • 1
  • Don Russakoff
    • 1
  1. 1.Samaritan Halfway SocietyUSA

Personalised recommendations