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Incidence of Clinical Depression in Heroin Addicts

  • Robert A. Steer
  • Maria Kovacs
  • Aaron T. Beck

Abstract

Trying to estimate the incidence of clinical depression in heroin addicts seeking treatment has been hampered by different definitions as to what constitutes specific levels of depression. For example, Weissman et al. (1976) in studying 106 young methadone-maintenance patients at a Connecticut program found that approximately one third were moderately to severely depressed as assessed by the Raskin Depression Scale (Raskin) (Raskin et al., 1970) and the Hamilton Psychiatric Rating Scale for Depression (Hamilton) (Hamilton, 1960). Dorus and Senay (1977) had reported that approximately 25% of the 266 heroin addicts admitted for methadone maintenance treatment at an Illinois program were suffering with moderate to severe depressions; they used the Hamilton and the Beck Depression Inventory (Beck) (Beck et al., 1961). A number of other psychiatric and self-report instruments have been used to assess the level of clinical depression in heroin addicts and give varying estimates for the incidence of clinical depression (DeLeon et al., 1973; Fisch et al., 1975; Steer, 1977). Unfortunately, most of these studies do not employ the same scales and have drawn samples from different regions and socioeconomic strata.

Keywords

Clinical Depression Cutoff Score Methadone Maintenance Treatment Methadone Maintenance Methadone Maintenance Therapy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert A. Steer
    • 1
  • Maria Kovacs
    • 1
  • Aaron T. Beck
    • 1
  1. 1.West Philadelphia Community Mental Health Consortium, Inc.USA

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