The Relationship between Program-Related Characteristics and Pretreatment and Postadmission Attrition in Methadone Maintenance and Drug-Free Modalities
Two chronic problems confronting programs for rehabilitating drug dependent individuals have been failure of applicants to accept treatment after referral and premature termination of treatment. Upwards of 55% of referrals “drop out” before initiating treatment. Of those who actually enter programs, the postadmission attrition rates during the first three months range as high as 88% for drug-free modalities and 46% in methadone maintenance. Our own experience involving more than 4,000 applicants during the past nine years has shown that fewer than 25% of referrals are enrolled in programs three months after their initial application.
KeywordsDrug Abuse Treatment Methadone Maintenance High Risk Case Opiate Abuser Criminal Justice System Involvement
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