Self-Selection and Personality Factors in the Initiation of LAAM Maintenance

  • John G. Cisco
  • Allen Blasucci


L-alpha-acetyl-methadol (LAAM) has been in the clinical trials phase of pharmacological testing since approximately 1970 when Jaffe et al. (1970) performed a double blind study of the effectiveness of LAAM as a substitute for methadone in the treatment of heroin addicts. What they and virtually all succeeding researchers found was that LAAM was a suitable and desirable alternative to methadone. At present LAAM is being administered by methadone clinics throughout the country, conceivably within the framework of the last pharmacological testing stage before eventual approval for widespread use in treatment. Because of the experimental nature and purpose of this dispensing program, a predominantly volunteer subject pool is being utilized. Primarily as a result of this necessary use of volunteers, several phenomena have occurred which warrant closer examination. First of all, what Jaffe et al. (1970) and virtually all subsequent researchers also found was that the experimental group of clients maintained on LAAM consistently produced higher dropout rates than a comparable group of methadone clients used as a control. In some instances this ratio reached proportions of three experimental dropouts to every control dropout. The second phenomenon which has occurred is that the number of clients volunteering for LAAM maintenance has been surprisingly below expected frequencies. It is within the context of these two phenomena that the existence of a self-selection process may be implicated.


Methadone Maintenance Volunteer Group Pharmacological Testing Clinical Trial Phase Methadone Clinic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Faschingbauer, T.A. 1974. A 166 item short form of the group MMPI: The fam. Journal of Counseling and Clinical Psychology. 42: 645–655.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Jaffe, J.H., Schuster, C.R., Smith, B.B. and Blachley, P.H. 1970. Comparison of Acetylmethadol and methadone in the treatment of long-term heroin users. JAMA. 211: 1834–1836.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Pittel, S.M. 1972. Three studies of the MMPI as a predictive instrument in methadone maintenance. Proceedings of Fourth National Conference on Methadone Treatment, San Francisco: NAPAN.Google Scholar
  4. Resnick, R.B., Orlin, L., Geyer, G., Resnick, E.S., Kestenbaum, R.S. and Freedman, A.M. 1976. 1-Alpha-Acetylmethadol (LAAM): prognostic considerations. American Journal of Psychiatry. 133(7): 814–819.Google Scholar
  5. Rosenthal, R. and Rosnow. 1969. Artifact and Behavioral Research. N.Y.: Appleton-Century Crofts.Google Scholar
  6. Savage, C., Karp, E.G., Curran, S.F., Hanlon, T.E. and McCabe, 0.L. 1976. Methadone/LAAM maintenance: A comparison study. Comprehensive Psychiatry. 17 (3): 415–424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Stewart, G.T. and Waddell, K. Attitudes and behavior of heroin addicts and patients on methadone. Proceedings of Fourth National Conference on Methadone Treatment. San Francisco: NAPAN.Google Scholar
  8. Williams, H.R. and Johnson, W.E. ment retention in a methadone of Fourth National Conference cisco, NAPAN. 1972. Factors related to treat-maintenance program. Proceedings on Methadone Treatment. San Fran-cisco, NAPANGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • John G. Cisco
    • 1
  • Allen Blasucci
    • 1
  1. 1.Community Drug and Alcohol Program of Hudson CountyJersey CityUSA

Personalised recommendations