The Fluka and Kaspro Hadronic Cascade Codes

  • J. Ranft
Part of the Ettore Majorana International Science Series book series (EMISS, volume 3)


FLUKA, and some closely related programs using the same method, are Monte Carlo programs to calculate the high-energy extranuclear hadronic cascade. Only particles with energies above 50 MeV are treated. The particle production in hadron-nucleus collisions is described by empirical formulae giving the inclusive single-particle distributions of nucleons and mesons. The results of the program should be reliable at energies where the Feynman scaling of inclusive distributions is approximately valid. So far, applications to and comparisons with data are up to energies of 500 to 1000 GeV. The program mainly calculates star and energy deposition densities. Applications are to radiation heating, direct radiation doses, induced radioactivity, punch-through of charged hadrons, hadron calorimeters, etc. This lecture will describe the physical approximations, the Monte Carlo methods used, and typical applications.

KASPRO, and some closely related programs, are Monte Carlo programs to calculate the high-energy extranuclear cascade. It uses an importance sampling method and does not sample complete collision events. The application is mainly to calculate particle production from extended targets and to study the efficiency of schemes to decrease the emittance of the produced particle beam.


Energy Deposition Heat Deposition Ionization Energy Loss Super Proton Synchrotron External Target 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Ranft
    • 1
  1. 1.Sektion PhysikKarl-Marx-UniversitätLeipzigGerman Democratic Republic

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