A Politico-Psychological Perspective on Crowding
Some nineteen hundred years ago Seneca was complaining bitterly in one of his surviving letters, of the crowded, noisy and polluted condition of Rome. The phenomena and experiences referred to by words like ‘crowd’, ‘crowding’, ‘crowded’ are not new. The words have various connotations and denotations. In ancient Greece and modern times the crowd, ‘hoi polloi’, could be used as a term of political abuse. But ‘our crowd’, the ‘in crowd’ has a positive, warm sound to it. No single analysis, whether experimental or conceptual, can do justice to these complexities. For this reason it is important that any study of crowding should be semantically defined.
KeywordsLocal Government Political Institution Social Learning Theory Role Theory Participatory Planning
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