Cluster Layouts in High Density Urban Situations
The paper is focused on physical planning aspects in the context of developing countries, the low income majority and rapidly urbanizing areas. Specific aspects of developing country problems are explored, particularly squatter areas and the need for government intervention for provision of utilities in the high density areas. Various physical planning indicators are identified and trade-offs are discussed in the context of Boston, urban areas of Latin America and Nairobi, Kenya. Two cases studies in Turkey are compared clarifying the physical determinants of clusters. Brief mention is made of housing policies and the need to encourage higher densities to avoid costly sprawl.
A cluster design which groups individually owned lots around a shared common court is proposed as answering many of the problems. Cost, social, cultural and administrative advantages are outlined for the clusters. A model development is presented illustrating various densities in a flexible development.
KeywordsHigh Density Area Private Area Dwelling Type Squat Settlement LATIN AMERICA
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