The Human Consequences of Crowding: Where we Stand, Where we should be Going

  • Jonathan L. Freedman
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 10)


It is quite a privilege to have been asked to give the keynote address to a conference on the human consequences of crowding, especially since even a few years ago such a meeting would have been impossible. When I started my own work, this was a lonely field. Very few people were doing research on crowding and not many seemed to be interested in what we were doing. The situation has certainly changed. Now everyone is concerned with the population explosion, there are about one billion more people on earth, and at times you would think that a large percentage of them are studying crowding. When I started my research, we could hardly fill my small living room with people doing research on crowding; now a large group of us are gathered here in Turkey in this auditorium, and we represent only a fraction of those working on this issue.


Keynote Address Human Consequence Crowded Condition Population Explosion Erotic Stimulus 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan L. Freedman
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of PsychologyColumbia University in the City of New YorkNew YorkUSA

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