Conceptual Dimensions of Crowding: A Multidimensional Scaling Analysis
In order to assess the extent to which the conceptual distinctions used by crowding theorists are contained in peoples’ perceptions of crowded situations, a three-part multidimensional scaling experiment was undertaken. In Phase I, free descriptions of crowding instances were collected. Phase 2 involved a new set of respondents who made similarity judgments of the descriptions. The analysis revealed that respondents discriminated among the stimuli on three dimensions and suggested that women and men use different salience weights. Phase 3 sought to find objective measures of the attributes defining the three-dimensional space and found that the dimensions could be termed physical-psychological, familiar-unfamiliar and resultant stress. The implications of the results for crowding research are discussed.
KeywordsMultidimensional Scaling Attribute Vector Conceptual Dimension Stimulus Space Multidimensional Scaling Analysis
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