Human and Non-Human Components of Crowding
A laboratory study of task performance and affect under conditions of environmental stress varied social, spatial density and noise, as well as locus of control. Interaction effects of environmental stressors and the personality variable suggested the need to examine multiple environmental and individual factors in crowding research. Background characteristics of subjects —including number of persons they presently live with, largest number lived with, and preference for privacy— were found to interact with environmental variables. Results are discussed in terms of adaptation level theory; the concept of “dissonant space” is introduced.
KeywordsTask Performance Sika Deer Spatial Density Privacy Preference Noise Tolerance
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