Human and Non-Human Components of Crowding

  • Rodabe Bharucha-Reid
  • H. Asuman Kiyak
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 10)


A laboratory study of task performance and affect under conditions of environmental stress varied social, spatial density and noise, as well as locus of control. Interaction effects of environmental stressors and the personality variable suggested the need to examine multiple environmental and individual factors in crowding research. Background characteristics of subjects —including number of persons they presently live with, largest number lived with, and preference for privacy— were found to interact with environmental variables. Results are discussed in terms of adaptation level theory; the concept of “dissonant space” is introduced.


Task Performance Sika Deer Spatial Density Privacy Preference Noise Tolerance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rodabe Bharucha-Reid
    • 1
  • H. Asuman Kiyak
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychology and Program in Environmental StudiesWayne State UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyWayne State UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations