Crowding is good; crowding is bad; crowding is both good and bad; crowding is neither good nor bad. All of the possible variations in the effects of this phenomenon have been claimed in one context or another and most of them can be found in the collection of papers included in the present volume. To quote the writer of the first chapter of the book, “there are now more than one billion people on this planet and at times at least half of them seem to be doing research on crowding.” Perhaps one attraction of this topic is precisely the apparently inexhaustible variety of perspectives that can be applied to study its consequences.
KeywordsSperm Whale Human Consequence Empirical Generalization Semantic Differential Scale Present Volume
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