Retrieving Repressed or Forgotten Material
What is commonly referred to as “forgetting” seems to be due mainly to older memories becoming unavailable as new material blocks their recall (Miller, Galanter, & Pribram, 1960). That is, difficulty in remembering is primarily the result of difficulty in retrieval rather than to simply “having a poor memory,” or the decay of memory traces over time. The ability of some people to recall more details of a previous event in response to the suggestion that they are actually reexperiencing that event is probably because such suggestions encourage subjects to portray the scene more vividly in their imagination (Barber, 1975). Thus, more stimulus elements are present in consciousness, and more associations to these elements are available for recall.
KeywordsFree Association Induction Procedure Crime Victim Crystal Ball Original Identity
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