Icosahedral Cytoplasmic Deoxyriboviruses

  • Rakesh Goorha
  • Allan Granoff
Part of the Comprehensive Virology book series (CV, volume 14)


Deoxyriboviruses having an apparent icosahedral symmetry and replicating in the cytoplasm have been titled “icosahedral cytoplasmic deoxyriboviruses” (ICDVs) (Kelly and Robertson, 1973; McAuslan and Armentrout, 1974). Members of this group are widely distributed in nature in a variety of hosts and include iridescent viruses from insects, lymphocystis virus from fish, amphibian viruses, African swine fever virus, and cauliflower mosaic and related viruses from plants (Granoff, 1969; Stoltz, 1971; Plowright, 1972; Kelly and Robertson, 1973). In this chapter we have chosen to retain the term “icosahedral cytoplasmic deoxyribovirus,” but because of the diversity of properties of these viruses this term is inadequate for classification and nomenclature pur poses. We might compare this term to grouping papovaviruses, adenoviruses, and herpesviruses under the heading of “icosahedral nuclear deoxyriboviruses.” Our usage of this term merely defines those viruses that have or may have icosahedral symmetry, appear to replicate in the cytoplasm, and contain DNA. It does not imply any taxonomic relationships and includes viruses from plants, invertebrates, and vertebrates. The designation “ICDV” is useful in distinguishing these viruses from the morphologically distinct and structurally complex poxviruses, which also replicate in the cytoplasm (Moss, 1974).


Virus Particle Cauliflower Mosaic Virus Molar Rate African Swine Fever Virus Nonpermissive Temperature 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rakesh Goorha
    • 1
  • Allan Granoff
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of VirologySt. Jude Children’s Research HospitalMemphisUSA

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