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Energy Disposal by Chemical Reactions

  • B. E. Holmes
  • D. W. Setser
Part of the Physical Chemistry of Fast Reactions book series (PCFR, volume 2)

Abstract

The objective of this chapter is to summarize the current knowledge of energy disposal by chemical reactions. Emphasis will be upon reactions proceeding via a single potential energy surface, which for the most part limits the discussion to ground electronic state energy surfaces. Thus, the energy of interest is translational, rotational, and vibrational energies of the products from elementary chemical reactions. The work reviewed here is limited primarily to reagents with Boltzmann or near Boltzmann vibrational and rotational energies; cases with excess translational energy will be considered since much of the molecular-beam work is done with high translational energy reactants. Non-Boltzmann energy effects on reaction rates are considered by Smith in Chapter 1. This appears to be the first review devoted solely to energy disposal, although several reviews pertain to related subjects. Golde and Thrush(1) have discussed chemical reactions yielding electronically excited products; the infrared chemiluminescence results prior to 1972 were summarized by Carrington and Polanyi(2); recent chemical laser results were reviewed by Berry(3); and several articles covering molecular-beam work include discussion of translational energy measurements(4,5) Some general reviews(6-9) also have considered state distributions of reaction products. During the last few years, many experimental data have been published and this review attempts to catalogue these results. Both unimolecular and bimolecular reactions are considered because after passing the last energy barrier separating products from reactants release of the potential energy should be a common aspect of both types of reactions.

Keywords

Kcal Mole Rotational Energy Exit Channel Translational Energy Trajectory Calculation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. E. Holmes
    • 1
  • D. W. Setser
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryOhio Northern UniversityAdaUSA
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA

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