Advertisement

Stimulants

  • Marc A. Schuckit
Part of the Critical Issues in Psychiatry book series (CIPS)

Abstract

Stimulants are widely prescribed and greatly misused medications that have very limited bona fide medical uses. It is important that the clinician know these drugs well, as their misuse can mimic a variety of medical and psychiatric syndromes.

Keywords

Truck Driver Stimulant Drug Toxicologic Screen Organic Brain Syndrome Elevated Body Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Kramer, J. C. Introduction to amphetamine abuse. In E. H. Ellinwood & S. Cohen (Eds.), Current Concepts on Amphetamine Abuse. Rockville, Md.: National Institute on Mental Health, 1970, pp. 177–184.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tatetsu, S. Methamphetamine psychosis. In E. H. Ellinwood & S. Cohen (Eds.), Current Concepts on Amphetamine Abuse. Rockville, Md.: National Institute on Mental Health, 1970, pp. 159–161.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ellinwood, E. H., Jr. Amphetamine psychosis: Individuals, settings, and sequences. In E. H. Ellinwood & S. Cohen (Eds.), Current Concepts on Amphetamine Abuse. Rockville, Md.: National Institute on Mental Health, 1970, pp. 143–157.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Innes, I. R., & Nickerson, M. Norepinephrine, epinephrine, and the sympathomimetic amines. In L. S. Goodman & A. Gilman (Eds.), The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. New York: Macmillan, 1975, pp. 495–503, 510–511.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ayd, E. J. Protracted administration of methylphenidate (Ritalin). Psychosomatics. 5:180–187, 1964.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Medical Letter. Diagnosis and management of reactions to drug abuse. The Medical Letter,Inc. 19 (3) :13–16, 1977.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ritchie, J. M., & Cohen, P. J. Cocaine: Procaine and other synthetic local anesthetics. In L. S. Goodman & A. Gilman (Eds.), The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. New York: Macmillan, 1975, pp. 386–387.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jaffe, J. H. Drug addiction and drug abuse. In L. S. Goodman & A. Gilman (Eds.), The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. New York: Macmillan, 1975, pp. 302–305.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Post, R. M., & Kopanda, R. T. Cocaine, kindling and psychosis. American Journal of Psychiatry. 133 (6):627–634, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wender, P. H. Minimal brain dysfunction: An overview. In M. A. Lipton, A. DiMascio, & K. F. Killam (Eds.), Psychopharmacology: A Generation of Progress. New York: Raven Press, 1978, pp. 1429–1437.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fish, B. The “one child, one drug” myth of stimulants in hyperkinesis. Archives of General Psychiatry. 25:193–203, 1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Schuckit, M., Petrich, J., & Chiles, J. Hyperactivity: Diagnostic confusion. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 66:79–87, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cohen, A. R. Tricyclic antidepressants and brain dysfunction. Journal of the American Medical Association. 225(2):177, 1973.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Maickel, R. P., & Zabik, J. E. The pharmacology of anorexigenesis. Life Sciences. 21:173–180, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Angrist, B. M., & Gershon, S. Psychiatric sequelae of amphetamine use. In R. I. Shader (Ed.), Psychiatric Complications of Medical Drugs. New York: Raven Press, 1972, pp. 175–199.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tinklenberg, J. A. The treatment of acute amphetamine psychosis. In P. G. Bourne (Ed.), A Treatment Manual for Acute Drug Abuse Emergencies. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974, pp. 68–72.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ellinwood, E. H., Jr. Emergency treatment of adverse reactions to CNS stimulants. In P. G. Bourne (Ed.), A Treatment Manual for Acute Drug Abuse Emergencies. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974, pp. 63–67.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Angrist, B. M., & Gershon, S. The phenomenology of experimentally-induced amphetamine psychosis—Preliminary observations. Biological Psychiatry. 2:95–107, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Connell, P. H. Clinical manifestations and treatment of amphetamine type of dependence. Journal of the American Medical Association. 196(8):130–135, 1966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Woodruff, R. A., Goodwin, D. W., & Guze, S. B. Psychiatric Diagnosis. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Suarez, C. A., Arango, A., & Lester, J. L., Cocaine-condom ingestion. Surgical treatment. Journal of the American Medical Association. 238(13):1391–1392, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Connell, P. H. Amphetamine Psychosis. Maudsley Monographs #5. London: Oxford University Press, 1958.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Model, D. G., & Berry, D. J. Effects of chlordiazepoxide in respiratory failure due to chronic bronchitis. Lancet 1:869–870, 1974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Angrist, M.D., Less, H. K., & Gershon, S. The antagonism of amphetamine-induced symptomatology by a neuroleptic. American Journal of Psychiatry. 131(7):1974.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Espelin, D. E., & Done, A. K. Amphetamine poisoning. Effectiveness of chlorpromazine. New England Journal of Medicine. 278(25):1361–1365, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Griffith, J. D., Cavanaugh, J. H., & Oates, J. A. Psychosis induced by the administration of d-amphetamine to human volunteers. In D. H. Efron (Ed.), Psychotomimetic Drugs. New York: Raven Press, 1970, pp. 287–298.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bell, D. S. The experimental reproduction of amphetamine psychosis. Archives of General Psychiatry. 29:35–40, 1973.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ellinwood, E. H., Jr. Assault and homicide associated with amphetamine abuse. American Journal of Psychiatry. 127(9):1170–1176, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Dimijian, G. G. Differential diagnosis of emergency drug reactions. In P. G. Bourne (Ed.), A Treatment Manual for Acute Drug Abuse Emergencies. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974, pp. 1–8.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Grant, I., Mohns, L., Miller, M., & Reitan, R. M. A neuropsychological study of polydrug users. Archives of General Psychiatry. 33:973–978, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc A. Schuckit
    • 1
  1. 1.San Diego Veterans Administration Medical Center, School of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA

Personalised recommendations