Advertisement

The Treatment of Alcoholism

  • Marc A. Schuckit
Part of the Critical Issues in Psychiatry book series (CIPS)

Abstract

Alcohol is the most commonly abused substance, creating serious medical and psychological problems. I will present an overview of emergency problems here, but the extensive discussion of rehabilitation that serves as a prototype for the rehabilitation of substance abusers in general is presented in Chapter 13.

Keywords

Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Withdrawal Syndrome Alcohol Withdrawal Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Schuckit, M. A. Alcohol and alcoholism: An introduction for the health care specialist. Emergency Product News. 8(5): 26–30, 1976.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Peeper, J. A. Sudden, unexpected death in alcoholics. Alcohol Health and Research World. Fall 1976: 18–24.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lowenstein, L. M., Simone, R., Boulter, P., et al. Effect of fructose on alcohol concentrations in the blood in man. Journal of the American Medical Association. 213(11):1899–1902.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Victor, M., & Hope, J. M. The phenomenon of auditory hallucinations in chronic alcoholism. A critical evaluation of the status of alcoholic hallucinosis. Archives of General Psychiatry. 126: 451–481, 1955.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Schuckit, M. A., & Winokur, G. Alcoholic hallucinosis and schizophrenia: A negative study. The British Journal of Psychiatry. 219 (552): 549–550, 1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Alpert, M., & Silvers, K. N. Perceptual characteristics distinguishing auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia and acute alcoholic psychosis. American Journal of Psychiatry. 127 (3): 298–302, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Blass, J. P., & Gibson, G. E. Abnormality of a thiamine-requiring enzyme in patients with Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine. 297: 1367–1370, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Victor, M., Adams, R. D., & Collins, G. H. The Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome. Philadelphia: Davis, 1971.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sellers, E. M., & Kalant, H. Alcohol intoxication and withdrawal. New England Journal of Medicine. 294 (14): 757–762, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gessner, P. K. Failure of diphenlhydantoin to prevent alcohol withdrawal convulsions in mice. European Journal of Pharmacology. 27: 120–129, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Smith, J. W. Medical management of acute alcoholic intoxication. G.P. 38 (6): 89–93, 1968.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Knott, D. H., & Beard, J. D. A diuretic approach to acute withdrawal from alcohol. Southern Medical Journal. 62: 485–488, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Schmitz, R. E. The prevention and management of the acute withdrawal syndrome by the use of alcohol. Presented at the Annual National Council on Alcoholism meeting in San Diego, Calif., Apr. 29, 1977.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Greenblatt, D. J., Intramuscular injection of drugs. The New England Journal of Medicine. 295: 542–546, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Peterson, B., et al. A medical evaluation of the safety of non-hospital detoxification. Prepared for National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. National Technical Information Service, U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Springfield, Va., 1975.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Feldman, D. J., Pattison, E. M., Sobell, L. C., et al. Outpatient alcohol detoxification: Initial findings on 564 patients. American Journal of Psychiatry. 132 (4): 407–412, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tennant, F. S., Jr. Ambulatory alcohol detoxification. Newsletter from the California Society for the Treatment of Alcoholism and Other Drug Dependencies. 4 (1,2), 1977.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Becker, C. E., Roe, R. L., & Scott, R. A. Alcohol as a Drug: A Curriculum on Pharmacology, Neurology and Toxicology. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1974.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Morgan, R., & Cagan, E. J. Acute alcohol intoxication, the disulfiram reaction, and methyl alcohol intoxication. In B. Kissin & H. Begleiter (Eds.), The Biology of Alcoholism. Volume 3: Clinical Pathology. New York: Plenum Press, 1974, Chapter 5, p. 163.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Parker, B. M. The effects of ethyl alcohol on the heart. Journal of the American Medical Association. 228 (6): 741–742, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pader, E. Clinical heart disease and electrocardiographic abnormalities in alcoholics. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 34: 774–785, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bach-Y-Rita, G., Lion, J. R., & Ervin, F. R. Pathological intoxication: Clinical and electroencephalographic studies. American Jorunal of Psychiatry. 127 (5): 698–703, 1970.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Maletzky, B. M. The diagnosis of pathological intoxication. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 37 (9): 1215–1228, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Streissguth, A. P. Maternal drinking and the outcome of pregnancy: Implications for child mental health. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 47 (3): 422–431, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc A. Schuckit
    • 1
  1. 1.San Diego Veterans Administration Medical Center, School of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA

Personalised recommendations