Several types of gastrointestinal (GI) disorders have been treated with various biofeedback procedures. All of this research has been published since 1972 and thus represents one of the newest applications of biofeedback. The five clinical reports cover a wide variety of GI dysfunctions. Furman (1973) utilized biofeedback for the treatment of functional diarrhea. Biofeedback treatment of encopresis and fecal incontinence has been researched by Kohlenberg (1973); Engel, Nikoomanesh, and Schuster (1974); and Schuster (1977). Finally, Pearne, Zigelbaum, and Peyser (1977) treated a patient who was suffering from urinary retention and incontinence.
KeywordsFecal Incontinence External Sphincter Tension Headache Rectal Distention Nonspecific Factor
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