Cardiovascular Disorders

  • William J. Ray
  • James M. Raczynski
  • Todd Rogers
  • William H. Kimball

Abstract

Cardiovascular disorders for which biofeedback has been used may be divided into three categories: cardiac arrhythmias, hypertension, and hypotension. Arrhythmias are defined as abnormalities in the rate of the heart beat or in the formation or conduction of the impulse that generates the heart beat. Hypertension refers to elevated blood pressure, hypotension, to abnormally low blood pressure.

Keywords

Placebo Migraine Fenton Active Element 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • William J. Ray
    • 1
  • James M. Raczynski
    • 1
  • Todd Rogers
    • 1
  • William H. Kimball
    • 1
  1. 1.The Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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