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Hyperactive and Learning-Disabled Children

  • William J. Ray
  • James M. Raczynski
  • Todd Rogers
  • William H. Kimball

Abstract

Biofeedback procedures have recently been applied on a very limited scale to the treatment of hyperactivity and learning disabilities in children. Hyperactivity is characterized by a short attention span and inappropriately high activity levels. Learning disabilities occur as a result of disturbances in cognition, perception, or motor functions. A learning-disabled child’s school performance, particularly in reading, is markedly discrepant from his or her apparent ability (Ross & Ross, 1976). This disorder is most often treated with medication, primarily Ritalin, and behavior modification procedures (Ross & Ross, 1976). As an alternative to medication and other interventions in hyperactive and learning-disabled children, four different types of biofeedback procedures have been investigated. Sensorimotor rhythm feedback procedures are designed to alter a particular frequency of electrocortical activity and thereby produce inhibited motor reactions. Respiratory rate feedback procedures are hypothesized to promote calmness and self-control through controlled breathing techniques. Electromyographic feedback procedures are used to teach general relaxation. Alpha wave feedback procedures presumably enhance judgment and self-control through brain wave training. Finally, a single instance of finger warming feedback has been reported in the literature.

Keywords

Classroom Behavior Feedback Group Hyperactive Child Nonspecific Factor Short Attention Span 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • William J. Ray
    • 1
  • James M. Raczynski
    • 1
  • Todd Rogers
    • 1
  • William H. Kimball
    • 1
  1. 1.The Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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