Advertisement

The Cleaning of Polymer Surfaces

  • James Koutsky

Abstract

A short review of typical cleaning procedures for a variety of polymers is presented. Most common cleaning procedures involve liquid chemical etching with associated pre and post treatments. Included are typical aids to achieve uniform cleaning and etching of the polymer surfaces. Also, plasma and mechanical cleaning of polymer surfaces are tersely discussed.

Keywords

Polymer Surface Corona Discharge Plasma Etching Polyester Fabric German Patent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J. S. Mijovic and J. A. Koutsky, Polym.-Plast. Technol. Eng., 9.(2), 139 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. Hasko and R. Fath, Galvanotechnik, 59(1), 32 (1968).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Y. Yatsui, N. Toshitake, and U. Kazuo, J. Electrochem. Soc, 116(1), 94 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. G. Vladkova, I. N. Kolev, P. Tsvetkov, and I. T. Mladenov, Dokl. Bolg. Akad. Nauk. 26(9), 1189 (1973); Chem. Abstr., 80, 71303p.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Rost, H. J. Erler, H. Giegengack, O. Fiedler, and Chr. Weissmantel, Thin Solid Films, 20(1), S15 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. C. Simpkins, Electroplat. Met. Finish., 23(10), 22 (1970).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    I. A. Abu Isa, Polym. Plast. Technol. Eng., 2.(1), 29 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. R. Fitchmun, S. Newman, and R. Wiggle, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 14(10), 2441 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    I. W. Rose, Electroplat. Met. Finish., 23(8), 24 (1970).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. Aries, French Patent Demande 2,199,012 (1974); Chem. Abstr., 82, 87253z.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Sivaram and K. M. Naik, Polym.-Plast. Technol. Eng., 10(2), 145 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. S. Mijovic, “Morphology Changes of Nylon Film and Fiber Surfaces during Etching, Sensitization, Activation and Electroless Metal Deposition,” M. S. Thesis, Univ. of Wis. Madison, 1974.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. Baeva and V. Ts. Toshkow, Dokl. Yubileinata Nauch. Seryia, Vissh. Mach. Elektrotekh. Inst., 5, 89 (1970); Chem. Abstr., 74, 134087V.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    I. A. Abu Isa, J. Polym. Sci., A-1, 9, 199 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. Miyagi and B. Wunderlich, J. Polym. Sci., A-2, 10(10), 2073 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    I. H. Skoog, U.S. Patent 3,497,406 (1970).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. Raudiene, M. Salkauskas, and R. Baltenas, Liet. TSR Mokslu Akad. Darb., Ser. B., 4, 179 (1970).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    G. C. Eastmond and E. G. Smith, Polymer, 14(10), 509 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Donlop Rubber Co., Belgium Patent 633,471 (1963); Chem. Abstr., 61, 3268a.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    H. Mueller, German Patent Offen. 2,336,585 (1974); Chem. Abstr., 81, 14403t.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. Brecht, F. Mayer, and H. Binder, Angew. Makromol. Chem., 33, 89 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    W. M. Riggs and D. W. Dwight, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 5 447 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    V. Baeva, Wiss. Z. Tech. Hochsch. Ilmenau, 19(2), 81 (1973); Chem. Abstr., 80, 96895w.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. Mikhailov, V. Baeva, and K. Petrov, Gummi, Asbest, Kunstst., 26(6), 458 (1973).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    N. B. Rainer, South African Patent 7,300,323 (1973); Chem. Abstr., 81, 154017V.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    E. Maguire, German Patent Offen. 2,046,689 (1971); Chem. Abstr., 75, 7572v.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    G. V. Elmore and K. C. Davis, J. Electrochem. Soc., 116(10), 1455 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    G. V. Elmore, U.S. Patent 3,668,082 (1972).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    D. J. Lando, German Patent Offen. 2,203,949 (1973); Chem. Abstr., 79, 6357z.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    N. C. W. Judd, British Polymer Journal, 9, 272 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    R. S. Thomas, in “Techniques and Applications of Plasma Chemistry,” J. R. Hollahan and A. T. Bell, Editors, Wiley, New York, 1974.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    A. M. Wröbel and M. Kryszewski, Polymer, 19, 908 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    A. R. Blythe, D. Briggs, C. R. Kendall, D. G. Rance, and V. J. I. Zichy, Polymer 19, 1273 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    C. C. Lawrence, British Polymer Journal, 10, 93 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Koutsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemical Engineering DepartmentUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations