Phosphoproteins as Proposed Modulators of Visual Function
The retina is a region of the central nervous system that is highly specialized for the reception of light and the transmission of encoded visual information to the brain. It develops embryonically from the primitive forebrain and, in the adult stage, it has a layered structure with a limited number of cellular classes. The outermost layer of cells, lying closest to the pigment epithelium, corresponds to the photoreceptor cells. The innermost layer, which is closest to the vitreous, is formed by the retinal ganglion cells; between the two layers, there is a discrete stratum of nuclei that belongs to the bipolar, horizontal, amacrine and the glial-like Müller cells.
KeywordsCyclic Nucleotide Photoreceptor Cell Visual Pigment Bleached Rhodopsin Soluble Protein Kinase
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- BITENSKY, M. W., MIKI, N., KEIRNS, J. J., KEIRNS, M., BARABAN, J. M., FREEMAN, J., WHEELER, M. A., LACY, J. and MARCUS, F. R. (1975) in Advances in Cyclic Nucleotide Research (Drummond, G. I., Greengard, P. and Robison, G. A., eds.) Vol. 5, pp. 213–240. Raven Press, New York.Google Scholar
- BOWNDS, D., DAWES, J., MILLER, J. and STAHLMAN, M. (1972) Nature, New Biol. 237, 125–137.Google Scholar
- FARBER, D. B., BROWN, B. M. and LOLLEY, R. N. (1978b) Bio chemistry. In press.Google Scholar
- FERRENDELLI, J. A., KINSCHERF, D. A. and CHANG, M. M. (1973) Molec. Pharmac. 9, 445–454.Google Scholar
- GORIDIS, C. and WELLER, M. (1976) in Advances in Biochemical Psychopharmacology (Costa, E. and Greengard, P., eds.) Vol. 15, pp. 391–412. Raven Press, New York.Google Scholar
- WERBLIN, F. S. (1974) in The Eye (Davson, H. and Graham, L. T. Jr., eds.) Vol. 6, pp. 257–281. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
- YOUNG, R. W. (1969) in The Retina; Morphology, Function and Clinical Characteristics (Straatsma, B. R., Hall, M. O., Allen, R. A. and Crescitelli, F., eds.) pp. 177–210. University of California Press, Los Angeles.Google Scholar