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Three Modes of Communication in the Nervous System

  • Jeffery L. Barker
  • Thomas G. SmithJr.
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 116)

Abstract

How excitable cells communicate with each other has been the subject of continued study over the past 50 years. Much of the research done thus far has focused on a form of communication which occurs at specialized junctions between contiguous elements. The junctions are called “synapses”, the communication is known as “synaptic transmission” and the substance mediating the event is called a “neurotransmitter”. The ready availability of preparations appropriate to observe this communication and the development of techniques to study the details involved have gradually led to a more complete understanding of synaptic transmission. Since it is the most widely and intensively studied form of cell-cell signaling in the nervous system, many investigators have assumed that all intercellular communication is similar and that all substances which can be extracted from neuronal tissue and which bind to neuronal membranes or have pharmacological effects are a priori “neurotransmitters”. The logic implicit in this generalization likely reflects both the relatively well-understood nature of the communication and the natural desire to simplify neuronal function into an understandable form.

Keywords

Synaptic Transmission Rest Membrane Potential Membrane Conductance Spinal Neuron Msec Pulse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffery L. Barker
    • 1
  • Thomas G. SmithJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Neurophysiology, National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and StrokeNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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