The Fungi

  • Ervin H. Barnes


The mushrooms, mildews, smuts, rusts, and puffballs are fungi (sing. fungus) and do not have stems, leaves, roots, fruits, or vascular systems. They are usually defined as simple plants with filamentous, branched, thread-like structures having true nuclei and no chlorophyll. Hence, fungi do not photosynthesize and must obtain reduced carbon compounds, such as sugars, as saprobes or parasites. Most fungi reproduce asexually by spores as well as sexually. They are generally nonmotile although some produce motile reproductive cells.


Asexual Reproduction Sexual Cycle Cross Wall Asexual Spore Haploid Nucleus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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General References

  1. Ainsworth, G. C., A Dictionary of the Fungi. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew, Surrey, 1961.Google Scholar
  2. Ainsworth, G. C., and Sussman, A. S., The Fungi, Vols. I, II, and III. New York, Academic Press, 1965, 1966, 1967.Google Scholar
  3. Alexopoulos, C. J., Introductory Mycology, 2nd ed. New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1962.Google Scholar
  4. Arthur, J. C., Manual of the Rusts of the United States and Canada. Lafayette, Indiana, Purdue Research Foundation, 1934.Google Scholar
  5. Barnett, H. L., Illustrated Genera of Imperfect Fungi. Minneapolis, Minnesota, Burgess, 1960.Google Scholar
  6. Christensen, C. M., Keys to the Common Fleshy Fungi. Minneapolis, Minnesota, Burgess, 1946.Google Scholar
  7. Christensen, C. M., The Molds and Man. Minneapolis, Minnesota, University of Minnesota Press, 1951.Google Scholar
  8. Clements, F. E., and Shear, C. L., The Genera of Fungi. New York, H. W. Wilson, 1931.Google Scholar
  9. Cummins, G. B., Illustrated Genera of Rust Fungi. Minneapolis, Minnesota, Burgess, 1959.Google Scholar
  10. Ehrlich, H. G., and Ehrlich, Mary A., “Electron microscopy of the Host-Parasite Relationships in Stem Rust of Wheat.” American Journal of Botany, Vol. 50 (February, 1963), pp. 123–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fergus, C. L., Illustrated Genera of Wood Decay Fungi. Minneapolis, Minnesota, Burgess, 1960.Google Scholar
  12. Fischer, G. W., and Holton, C. S., Biology and Control of the Smut Fungi. New York, Ronald, 1957.Google Scholar
  13. Ingold, C. T., Dispersal in Fungi. Oxford, England, Clarendon Press, 1953.Google Scholar
  14. Ingold, C. T., The Biology of Fungi. London, Hutchinson, 1961.Google Scholar
  15. Large, E. C., The Advance of the Fungi. New York, Henry Holt and Co., 1940.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ervin H. Barnes
    • 1
  1. 1.Michigan State UniversityUSA

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