Fiber Optics pp 437-494 | Cite as

Fiber Connectors, Splices and Couplers

  • C. Kao
  • G. Bickel


There are two major ways of connecting fibers: permanent splices and demountable connectors. The techniques to be employed must take into consideration the basic optical and physical characteristics of the fiber and especially the particular mechanical requirements called for in an operational environment.


Optical Fiber Directional Coupler Single Mode Fiber Fiber Core Excess Loss 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    K. Miyazaki, M. Honda, T. Kudo and Y. Kawamura, “Theoretical and Experimental Consideration of Optical Fiber Connector”, Proc. Topical Meeting on Optical Fiber Transmission, Williamsburg, Virginia (Jan. 1975), paper WA4-l.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Borner, D. Gruchmann, J. Guttman and O. Krumpholz, “Detachable Connector for Monomode Glass-Fiber Lightwave Guides”, Archiv. Fur Electronische and Ubert., Vol. 26, No. 6 (June 1972), p. 288.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Dalgleish, “A Review of Optical Fiber Connection Technology”, Proceedings of 25th International Wire & Cable Symposium, November 16–18, 1976.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. Gloge, P. Smith, D. Bisbee and E. Chinnock, “Optical Fiber End Preparation for Low-Loss Splices”, BSTJ, Vol. 52, No. 9 (Nov. 1973), p. 1579–1588.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. Hatakeyama and H. Tsuchiya, “Fusion Splices for Optical Fibers by Discharge Heating”, Applied Optics, Vol$117, No. 12 (15 June 1978 ), p. 1959.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. Miller, “Loose Tube Splices for Optical Fibers”, BSTJ, Vol S 154, No. 7, (7 Sep. 1975 ), p. 1215.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Cherin and P. Rich, “Multigroove Embossed-Plastic Splice Connector for Joining Groups of Optical Fibers”, Applied Optics, Vol. 14, No. 12 (Dec. 1975), p. 3026.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kao, Wolfgang 12–9 Patent, “Precision Demountable Connectors for Optical Fibers”, filed.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Cherin and P. Rich, An Injection-Molded Plastic Connector for Splicing Optical Cables”, BSTJ, Vol. 55, No. 8 (Oct. 1976), p. 1057.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. Tsuchiya, H. Makagome, N. Shimizu and S. Ohara, “Double Eccentric Connectors for Optical Fibers”, Applied Optics, Vol. 16, No. 5 (May 1977), p. 1323.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Dalgleish, “Connections: Well-Designed Splices, Connectors Must Align Fibers Exactly”, Electronics (Aug. 5, 1976 ), p. 96.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Guttman, O. Krumpholz and E. Pfeiffer, “Multipole Optical Fiber Connector”, Electronics Letters, Vol. 11, No. 24 (Nov. 1975) p. 582.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    P. Smith, D. Bisbee, D. Gloge and E. Chinnock, “A Molded-Plastic Technique for Connecting and Splicing Optical Fiber Tapes and Cables”, BSTJ, Vol$154, No. 6 (July-Aug. 1975 ), p. 971.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Archer, “Current Status of Fiber Optic Interconnection”, New Electronics, Vol. 9, No. 2 (Jan. 1976), p. 37.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    P. Runge, L. Curtis, and W. Young, “Precision Transfer Molded Single Fiber Optic Connector and Encapsulated Connectorized Devices”, Topical Meeting on Optical Fiber Transmission, Williamsburg, VA (1977), Paper WA4–3.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. Holzman, “Detachable Connectors for Multi-Mode Graded Index Optical Waveguides”, Digest of Technical Papers, Conference on Laser and Electro-Optical Systems, San Diego, CA (Feb. 1978), paper WAA4.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. Pan, “Fiber Optic Directional Coupler”, Digest of. Technical Papers, Conference on Laser and Electro-Optical Systems, San Diego, CA (May 1976), Paper THE3.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    K. Ogawa, “Multimode Fiber Coupler-Theory and Experiment”, Digest of Technical Papers, Topical Meeting on Optical Fiber Transmission II, Williamsburg, VA (1977), Paper WB7.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    B. S. Kawasaki, K. O. Hill, Applied Optics 16, (1977) p. 1794.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    E. Rawson and A. NaFarrate, “Transmission Star Coupler for Single Fiber Cables; Mixer Rod Power Distribution Inhomogenieties”, Digest of Technical Papers, Conference on Laser and Electro-Optical Systems, San Diego, CA (Feb. 1978), Paper WFF.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. Kuwahara, J. Hamasaki and S. Saito, “A Semi-Transparent Mirror-Type Directional Coupler for Optical Fiber Applications”, Trans. IEEE-MTT (Jan. 1975), p. 179.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Karr, T. Rich and M. Domenico, Jr., “Lightwave Fiber Tap, “ Applied Optics 17, No. 14 (15 July 1978 ), p. 2215–2218.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    K. Kobayashi, R. Ishikawa, K. Minemura and S. Sugimoto, “Micro-Optics Devices for Branching, Coupling, Multiplexing and Demultiplexing”, Digest of Technical Papers, International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (1977), Tokyo, Japan.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    G. Bickel, J. Burbo, A. Nelson and R. Christian, “Bi-Directional Coupler for Full Duplex Transmission on a Single Optical Fiber”, Digest of Technical Papers SPIE, Washington, D. C. (Mar. 1978), Paper 139–12.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Kao
    • 1
  • G. Bickel
    • 1
  1. 1.ITT Electro-Optical Products DivisionRoanokeUSA

Personalised recommendations