Metal Vapor Chemistry Related to Molecular Metals

  • Kenneth J. Klabunde
  • Robert G. Gastinger
  • Thomas J. Groshens
  • Michael Brezinski
Part of the Nato Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 1)


One of the apparent requirements for the production of new molecular metals is the use of “flat” molecules.1 Bulky three dimensional substituents do not allow formation of stacked molecular layers as found in the noteworthy example TTF-TCNQ. By studying metal atom (vapor) reactions with flat ligands, we anticipated the production of new two dimensional organometallics in the absence of normal three dimensional stabilizing ligands. The following types of metal — “flat ligand” complexes have been considered, and successfully synthesized. So far our results have progressed to the stage of doing the syntheses and elucidating the structural properties and chemistry of these species. Very little has been done to date regarding electrical properties of these molecules or their charge transfer complexes.


North Dakota 58202 Coordinative Unsaturation Arene Ligand Charge Transfer Salt Molecular Metal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. (1).
    A. F. Garito and A. J. Heeger, Accts. Chem. Res., 7, 232 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. (2) (a).
    H. M. McConnell, F. R. Gamble, and B. M. Hoffman, Proc. National Acad. Sci., 57 (5), 1131 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. (2) (b).
    B. M. Hoffman, F. R. Gamble, and H. M. McConnell, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 89, 27 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. (3) (a).
    J. B. Torrance, B. A. Scott, and F. B. Kaufman, Solid State Comm., 17, 1369 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. (3) (b).
    L. J. LaPlaca, P. W. R. Corfield, R. Thomas, and B. A. Scott, Solid State Comm., 17, 635 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. (4).
    K. J. Klabunde and H. F. Efner, J. Fluorine Chem., 4, 115 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. (5).
    H. F. Efner, D. E. Tevault, W. B. Fox, and R. R. Smardzewski, J. Organomet. Chem., 146, 45 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. (6).
    K. J. Klabunde, H. F. Efner, T. O. Murdock, and R. Ropple, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 98, 1021 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. (7) (a).
    K. J. Klabunde and H. F. Efner, Inorg. Chem., 14, 789 (1975). (b) Private communications with Professor P. L. Timms.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. (8).
    L. J. Radonovich, C. Zuerner, H. F. Efner, and K. J. Klabunde, Inorg. Chem., 15, 2976 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. (9).
    L. J. Radonovich and C. Zuerner, unpublished work.Google Scholar
  12. (10).
    G. Essenmacher, P. Treichel, H. F. Efner, and K. J. Klabunde, unpublished work.Google Scholar
  13. (11).
    K. J. Klabunde, Annals of the New York Acad. Sci., 295, 83 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. (12) (a).
    B. H. Schechtman, S. F. Lin, and W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. Lett., 34 (11), 667 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. (12) (b).
    F. R. Gamble and H. M. McConnell, Phys. Letters, 26A (4), 162 (1968).Google Scholar
  16. (13).
    For hydrated systems see: L. R. Melby, R. J. Harder, W. R. Hertler, W. Mahler, R. E. Benson, and W. E. Mochel, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 84, 3374 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. (14).
    A. R. Sidle, J. Amer. Chem., Soc., 97, 5931 (1975).Google Scholar
  18. (15).
    K. J. Klabunde, B. B. Anderson, M. Bader, and L. J. Radonovich, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 100, 1313 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. (16).
    R. G. Gastinger and K. J. Klabunde, unpublished work.Google Scholar
  20. (17).
    B. B. Anderson, C. Behrens, L. J. Radonovich, and K. J. Klabunde, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 98, 5390 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. (18).
    B. B. Anderson and K. J. Klabunde, unpublished results.Google Scholar
  22. (19).
    K. Neuenschwander and K. J. Klabunde, unpublished results.Google Scholar
  23. (20) (a).
    Original preparation of Ni analog (Co and Fe previously unknown) done by conventional methods: H. Behrens and A. Muller, Z. Anorg. Allgem. Chems., 341, 124 (1965);CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. (20) (b).
    H. Behrens and K. Meyer, Z. Naturforschung, 216, 489 (1966);Google Scholar
  25. (20) (c).
    A. Misono, Y. Uchida, T. Yamagishi, and H. Kageyama, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jap., 45, 1438 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth J. Klabunde
    • 1
  • Robert G. Gastinger
    • 1
  • Thomas J. Groshens
    • 1
  • Michael Brezinski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of North DakotaGrand ForksUSA

Personalised recommendations