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Effects of Parental Risk and Prenatal Stress on Pregnancy Outcome

  • R. A. Holm
Part of the Advances in Primatology book series (AIPR)

Abstract

The general hypothesis that anomalies in the environment profoundly affect the conceptus has received extensive support from teratological studies throughout this century (Stockard, 1910; Hale, 1935; Joffe, 1969). Sontag (1941) was one of the first to extend this hypothesis to include variations in emotional status during pregnancy. Thompson (1957) found that administering maternal emotional traumas during pregnancy resulted in increased emotionality in newborn rat pups. His report was followed by a number of other rodent studies, including a wide range of stress and behavioral measures. Most manipulations produced changes in the offsprings’ behavior; however, the specificity and directionality of the effects have not been consistent.

Keywords

Pregnancy Outcome Fetal Heart Rate Prenatal Stress Pigtail Macaque Poor Pregnancy Outcome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Holm
    • 1
  1. 1.Child Development and Mental Retardation Center and Regional Primate Research CenterUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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