Monitoring and Apnea Alarm for Infant Primates: Practical and Research Applications
The need for a remote respiration monitor became apparent with the increasing number of premature, low-birth-weight, and maternally rejected infant monkeys handled by the Infant Primate Research Laboratory at the University of Washington. Of primary interest was the development of a safe, reliable, contactless device that would free laboratory personnel from the tedious duty of extended observation of one or more acutely ill infants. As a result of this need a radar respiration monitor was developed (Spelman, Kindt, Bowden, Sackett, Spillane, and Blattman, 1975). Initially the monitor was intended to signal prolonged and frequent apneas in the premature infants. However, the radar respiration unit rapidly demonstrated its ability to measure subtle respiration patterns in a variety of disease states as well. We have monitored respiration patterns of infant monkeys that exhibited one or more of the following conditions: prematurity, low birth weight, pneumonia, hyperbilirubinemia, hyaline membrane disease, severe hypothermia, complications arising from post-operative recovery from anesthesia, and trauma. Use of the radar monitor has led to earlier therapeutic intervention and treatment of infants with suspected respiratory compromise than was previously possible through simple observation.
KeywordsPremature Infant Breathing Pattern Human Infant Respiration Pattern Periodic Breathing
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