Toward a Psychobiology of Transcendence: God in the Brain

  • Arnold J. Mandell


Since the time of atomists like Democritus, forerunner of Plato and Aristotle, two modes of scientific explanation have been used to fill the conceptual space between mind and brain, a dualism more grudgingly resistant to resolution than that of energy and matter. One method assumes a world of hidden realities, impenetrable, to be understood by conjecture and test, observations evaluated for their consistency with hypothetical constructs. The other requires an intuitive grasp of the essence, insightful awareness of the thing itself. The first approach defines a unification of mind and brain out of the possible; the second assumes it. Feelings about these orientations still run strong. In a recent book, the philosopher of science Sir Karl Popper expressed irritation with Plato for intermixing these two thought styles without acknowledging the intermixture, concluding that only the conjectural-test approach is valid; the other kind of knowing Popper dismissed as a “will-o-the-wisp” (Popper & Eccles, 1977).


Temporal Lobe Tyrosine Hydroxylase Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Dorsal Raphe Nucleus Tryptophan Hydroxylase 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arnold J. Mandell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA

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