Self-Recognition in Chimpanzees and Man: A Developmental and Comparative Perspective

  • Gordon G. GallupJr.
Part of the Genesis of Behavior book series (GOBE, volume 2)


The concept of self has not only been held to be uniquely human, but essential to the beginnings of effective social and intellectual functioning in the growing child. While the self has been and continues to be a pivotal concept in many areas of psychology, surprisingly little attention has been paid to the development of an individual’s capacity to conceive of himself. Rather than tracking the emergence of self-conception, most work has been directed at trying to determine the factors that influence the content of one’s self-concept and/or how we evaluate ourselves (Wylie, 1974). In this chapter I will describe a technique that can be used to assess self-awareness in animals and man, and review the recent work on self-recognition in human infants. The status of the self-concept and the significance of self-recognition will also be briefly examined.


Autistic Child Species Identity Object Permanence Developmental Psychobiology Retarded Adult 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gordon G. GallupJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyState University of New YorkAlbanyUSA

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