Differential Development of Various Social Relationships by Rhesus Monkey Infants
The social network of the infant is one of ever-expanding complexity in a number of respects. Far from being a tabula rasa, the typical neonate enters its postnatal world equipped with substantial perceptual capabilities and behavioral predispositions, and it rapidly becomes the focus of widespread social activity by those within its immediate environment. Few contemporary developmental researchers would argue with the view that in the succeeding weeks, months, and years, the infant’s perceptual systems become considerably more sophisticated, its behavioral repertoire expands enormously, and its cognitive capabilities increase qualitatively as well as quantitatively. Those arguments that do exist tend to deal instead with the degree to which such advancement is a function of the “normal” maturation of the infant’s brain and CNS, as opposed to a function of the infant’s interaction with its social and nonsocial environment. Perhaps as a result of this continuing controversy, models of social development involving either one or, to a growing extent, both of these sets of factors have become increasingly sophisticated in recent years (e.g., Sameroff, 1975).
KeywordsAdult Female Social Relationship Rhesus Monkey Differential Development Motor Pattern
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