Advertisement

Differential Development of Various Social Relationships by Rhesus Monkey Infants

  • Stephen J. Suomi
Part of the Genesis of Behavior book series (GOBE, volume 2)

Abstract

The social network of the infant is one of ever-expanding complexity in a number of respects. Far from being a tabula rasa, the typical neonate enters its postnatal world equipped with substantial perceptual capabilities and behavioral predispositions, and it rapidly becomes the focus of widespread social activity by those within its immediate environment. Few contemporary developmental researchers would argue with the view that in the succeeding weeks, months, and years, the infant’s perceptual systems become considerably more sophisticated, its behavioral repertoire expands enormously, and its cognitive capabilities increase qualitatively as well as quantitatively. Those arguments that do exist tend to deal instead with the degree to which such advancement is a function of the “normal” maturation of the infant’s brain and CNS, as opposed to a function of the infant’s interaction with its social and nonsocial environment. Perhaps as a result of this continuing controversy, models of social development involving either one or, to a growing extent, both of these sets of factors have become increasingly sophisticated in recent years (e.g., Sameroff, 1975).

Keywords

Adult Female Social Relationship Rhesus Monkey Differential Development Motor Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Chamove, A. S., Rosenblum, L. A., & Harlow, H. F. Monkeys (Macaca mulatto) raised only with peers: A pilot study Animal Behaviour, 1973, 21, 316–325.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dienske, H., & Metz, H. A. J. Mother-infant body contact in macaques. A time interval analysis. Biology of Behaviour, 1977, 2, 3–37.Google Scholar
  3. Hansen, E. W. The development of maternal and infant behavior in the rhesus monkey. Behaviour, 1966, 27, 107–149.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Harlow, H. F. Age-mate or peer affectional system. In D. S. Lehrman, R. A. Hinde, & E. Shaw (Eds.), Advances in the study of behavior, (Vol. 2). New York: Academic Press, 1969.Google Scholar
  5. Harlow, H. F., Gluck, J. P., & Suomi, S. J. Generalization of behavioral data between nonhuman and human animals. American Psychologist, 1972, 27, 709–716.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Harlow, M. K. Nuclear family apparatus. Behavior Research Methods and Instrumentation, 1971, 3, 301–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hinde, R. A. On describing relationships. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 1976a, 17, 1–19.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hinde, R. A. Use of similarities and differences in comparative psychology. In G. Serban & A. Kling (Eds.), Animal models of human psychobiology. New York: Plenum, 1976b.Google Scholar
  9. Hinde, R. A., & Spencer-Booth, Y. The behaviour of socially living monkeys in their first two and a half years. Animal Behaviour, 1967, 15, 169–196.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hinde, R.A., & White, L. E. Dynamics of a relationship: Rhesus mother-infant ventroventro contact. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 1974, 86, 8–23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kaufmann, J. H. Behavior of infant rhesus monkeys and their mothers in a free ranging band. Zoologica, 1966, 51, 17–28.Google Scholar
  12. Lindburg, D. G. The rhesus monkey in North India: An ecological and behavioral study. In L. A. Rosenblum (Ed.), Primate behavior (Vol. 2). New York: Academic Press, 1973.Google Scholar
  13. Redican, W. K. Adult male-infant relations in captive rhesus monkeys. In D. Chivers (Ed.), Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress of Primatology, Vol. 1: Behaviour. New York: Academic Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  14. Ruppenthal, G. C., Harlow, M. K., Eisele, C. D., Harlow, H. E, & Suomi, S. J. Development of peer interactions of monkeys reared in a nuclear-family environment. ChildDevelopment, 1974, 45, 670–682.Google Scholar
  15. Sameroff, A. J. Early influences on development: Fact or fancy? Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 1975, 21, 267–294.Google Scholar
  16. Suomi, S. J. Mechanisms underlying social developments: A reexamination of mother-infant interactions in monkeys. In A. Pick (Ed.), Minnesota symposium on child development (Vol. 10). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  17. Suomi, S. J. Adult male-infant interactions among monkeys living in nuclear families. Journal of Child Development, 1977, 48, 1255–1270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen J. Suomi
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations