Behavioral and Social Effects

  • Thomas F. Babor
  • Steven M. Mirin
  • Roger E. Meyer


In recent years, behavioral scientists have become increasingly aware of the importance of social factors in the initiation and maintenance of opiate use.(1–4) To date, however, there has been relatively little empirical research in this area. Instead, considerable reliance has been placed on questionnaire surveys and individual interviews. In both instances, retrospective data of variable reliability have given rise to a host of theories about the “ego-synthesizing” and “socializing” effects of opiate drugs. The addict’s motivation for continued heroin use has been explained in terms of the personal and social benefits derived from the drug effect. Thus it has been suggested that opiates are used to suppress aggressive impulses, mute emotional expression, provide an alternative to meaningful interpersonal relationships, and/or improve interpersonal functioning.(5–8)


Sleep Time Study Phase Early Late Sleep Behavior Behavior Inventory 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas F. Babor
  • Steven M. Mirin
  • Roger E. Meyer

There are no affiliations available

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