Ceramic Materials

  • Joon Bu Park


Ceramics contain metallic and nonmetallic elements that are mostly bonded ionically or covalently. As noted in Chapter 3, because their bonds lack free electrons ceramics are poor conductors of electricity and heat. Lack of free electrons makes them also transparent to light. The ionic bonds are highly directional and stable; therefore they have relatively higher melting temperatures, on the average, than metals or polymers. Generally they are also harder and more resistant to chemical changes. Other factors influencing the structure and property relationship of the ceramic materials are radius ratio (Section 3.2) and relative electronegativity between the positive and negative ions, although the net electrical charge of any material should be zero.


Compressive Strength Ceramic Material Barium Titanate Piezoelectric Ceramic High Melting Temperature 
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Further Reading

  1. J. J. Gilman, “The Nature of Ceramics,” in Materials, eds. D. Flanagan et al., W. H. Freeman & Co., San Francisco, 1967.Google Scholar
  2. W. D. Kingery, H. K. Bowen, and D. R. Uhlmann, Introduction to Ceramics, 2nd ed., J. Wiley and Sons, New York, 1976.Google Scholar
  3. W. G. Moffatt, G. W. Pearsall, and J. Wulff, The Structure and Properties of Materials, vol. I, Structure, chapter 3, J. Wiley and Sons, New York, 1964.Google Scholar
  4. F. Norton, Elements of Ceramics, 2nd ed., Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1974.Google Scholar
  5. L. H. Van Vlack, A Textbook of Materials Technology, chapter 10, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1973.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joon Bu Park
    • 1
  1. 1.Clemson UniversityClemsonUSA

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