Providing Winds for Wave Models

  • James E. Overland
Part of the Marine Science book series (MR, volume 8)


Wave forecasts and hindcasts are almost universally derived from wind fields. This paper reviews the meteorological computer models used by the National Weather Service and Fleet Numerical Weather Central to analyze and forecast sea level pressure fields. Geostrophic and surface wind relationships are reviewed and it is shown that errors in the input pressure fields are comparable to regional and seasonal thermal corrections to the geostrophic drag coefficient. The meteorological record is also the data source for hindcasting waves during extreme events such as hurricanes and provides frequency information as the basis for climatological assessment studies.


Wind Speed Wind Field Planetary Boundary Layer Wave Model Significant Wave Height 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • James E. Overland
    • 1
  1. 1.Pacific Marine Environmental LaboratoryNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationUSA

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