Advertisement

Current Paradigms in Powder Processing

  • R. L. Coble
  • R. M. Cannon
Part of the Materials Science Research book series (MSR, volume 11)

Abstract

The theoretical work and model experiments on sintering and hot pressing have provided a basis to qualitatively interpret much of the behavior observed in these processes as practiced in the technology. The data base and the modeling, however, are inadequate to quantitatively predict the kinetics of materials responses for these processes (including grain growth) for most systems of interest. In this paper the authors present their biases in a review of the paradigms (current “axioms”) in the field, citing the literature sources which support our biases. Several paradigms have changed significantly in the past several years. As a consequence, new directions for the course of productive research are needed; we present our best guesses for them. We also give emphasis to some earlier theoretical and experimental work which we regard as important, the significance of which seems to us not to have been duly appreciated.

Keywords

Vapor Transport Dopant Effect Calcium Fluoride Diffusional Creep Current Paradigm 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

References

  1. 1.
    T. Vasilos, & W. H. Rhodes, Ultrafine Grain Ceramics, J. J. Burke, et al Eds., Syracuse Univ. Press, (1970)Google Scholar
  2. 2a.
    B. Burton, Diffusion & Defects Monograph, No. 5, (1977)Google Scholar
  3. 2b.
    B. Burton & G. L. Reynolds, Acta Metall 21 1073–78, 1641–1647, (1973)Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    R. T. Tremper, R. A. Gidding, J. D. Hodge & R. S. Gordon, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 57 (10) 421–428, (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 4a.
    P. A. Lessing & R. Gordon, J. Mat’ls. Sci. 12 2291–2302 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 4b.
    G. W. Hollenberg & R. S. Gordon, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 56 (3) 140 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 5a.
    R. M. Cannon & R. L. Coble, Deformation in Ceramic Materials, R. C. Bradt & R. E. Tressler Eds., Plenum Press, N.Y. (1975) 61–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 5b.
    R. M. Cannon, W. H. Rhodes, A. H. Heuer, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (to be published)Google Scholar
  9. M. Seltzer, J. S. Perrin, A. H. Clauer & B. A. Wilcox, Reactor Tech. 14, 99, (1971)Google Scholar
  10. 6.
    R. Raj & M. F. Ashby, Met. Trans. 2 (4) 1113–27 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 7.
    R. S. Gordon, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 56 (3) 147–152 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 8.
    A. Ruoff, J. Appl. Phys. 36 2903 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 9.
    D. Readey, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 49 366 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 10.
    D. J. Gooch & G. W. Groves, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 55 105 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 11.
    R. L. Coble, J. App. Phys. 41 (12), 4798–4807 (Nov 1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 12.
    D. S. Wilkinson & M. F. Ashby, 473–93 in Sintering and Catalysis, G. C. Kuczynski Ed., Plenum Press, N. Y. (1975)Google Scholar
  17. 13.
    L. C. laniello et al. Summary Report on Critical Needs & Opportunities in Fundamental Ceramics Research, ERDA 9, (April 1975)Google Scholar
  18. 14.
    M. O’Keefe & W. J. Moore, J. Phys. Chem. 65 1438, (1961)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 15.
    H. Matzke, J. de Physique. 34 C9–317 (1973)Google Scholar
  20. 16a.
    F. A. Kroger, Zeit fur Phys. Chem Neue Fol 49 178–97 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 16b.
    M. Yan, R. M. Cannon, H. K. Bowen, & R. L. Coble, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 60 (3–4), 120–127, (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 17.
    G. C. Kuczynski, Trans. A.I.M.E. 185, 169 (1949)Google Scholar
  23. 18a.
    G. C. Kuczynski, J. App. Phys. 21, 632 (1950)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 18b.
    T. L. Wilson & P. Shewmon, Trans. A.I.M.E. 236, 48 (1966)Google Scholar
  25. 19.
    W. D. Kingery & M. Berg, J. App. Phys. 26 (10), 1205–12 (1955)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 20.
    D. L. Johnson in Ultrafine Grain Ceramics, J. J. Burke, et al Eds., Syracuse Univ. Press (1970)Google Scholar
  27. 21.
    C. Herring, J. App. Phys. 21 301 (1950)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 22.
    R. M. German, Sci. of Sintering 10 (1) 11–25 (1978)Google Scholar
  29. 23.
    R. L. Coble & T.K. Gupta, I & II, in Sintering and Related Phenomena, G. C. Kuczynski et al Eds., Gordon Breech (1965)Google Scholar
  30. 24.
    D. N-K. Wang, Ph.D. thesis, U. Cal., Berkeley (Dec 1976) (LBL report 5763)Google Scholar
  31. 24.
    H. Palmour, T. M. Hare and M. L. Huckabee, Final Technical Report, Contract N00019–73-C-0139, Naval Air Systems Command, March 1974.Google Scholar
  32. 25.
    H. Palmour and T. M. Hare, Final Technical Report, Contract N00019–74-C-0265, Naval Air Systems Command, July, 1975.Google Scholar
  33. 26.
    M. L. Huckabee, T. M. Hare and H. Palmour III, this volume.Google Scholar
  34. 27.
    S. Prochazcha, Am. Ceram. Soc. Convention (1977).Google Scholar
  35. 28.
    G. C. Kuczynski, 325–339 in Sintering & Catalysis, G. C. Kuczynski, Ed., Plenum Press, N. Y. (1975).Google Scholar
  36. 29.
    J. E. Burke, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 40 (3) 80–85 (1957)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 30.
    J. W. Cahn, Acta, Metall. 10 (9) 789–98 (1962)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 31.
    R. Brook, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52 (1) 56–57 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 32.
    F. M. A. Carpay, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 60 (1–2) 82 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 33.
    M. F. Yan, R. M. Cannon & H. K. Bowen, in Ceramic Micro- structures, ’76, R. M. Fulrath & J. A. Pask, Eds., Westview Press, Boulder, Colo. 276 (1977)Google Scholar
  41. 34.
    J. Brophy, A. Prill, et al. Trans. A.I.M.E. 230, 769 (1964)Google Scholar
  42. 35.
    E. Skaar, Sc.D. Thesis, M.I.T. (1978)Google Scholar
  43. 36.
    S. Prochazka & R. M. Scanlan, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 58, 72 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 37.
    C. Greskovich & J. H. Rosolowski, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 59, 336–343 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 38.
    C. Greskovich, S. Prochazka & J. H. Rosolowski, Basic Research on Technology Development for Sintered Ceramics, Technical Report, AFML-TR-76–179, (Nov 1976)Google Scholar
  46. 39.
    A. Seegar & K. P. Chik, Phys. Stat. Sol. 29, 455–542 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 40.
    M. Beniere, M. Chemla & F. Beniere, J. Phys. Chen. Sol. 37, 525–538 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 41.
    W. D. Kingery & B. Francois, in Sintering and Related Phenomena, G. C. Kuczynski et al, Eds., Gordon & Breech, 471 (1967)Google Scholar
  49. 42.
    P. D. Ownby, in Materials Science Research, Vol. 6, G. C. Kuczynski Ed., Plenum Press, 431–37 (1973)Google Scholar
  50. 43a.
    G. R. Terwilliger & F. F. Lange, J. Mat. Sci. 10 1169 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 43b.
    M. Mitomo, J. Mat. Sci. 11 1103–1107 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 44.
    R. J. Brook, T. G. Carruthers, L. J. Bowen & R. J. Weston, presented at the NATO-ASI on Nitrogen Ceramics, Canterbury England (1976)Google Scholar
  53. 45.
    R. M. Cannon & U. Chowdhry, ibid.Google Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Hayne Palmour III and M. L. Huckabee, U. S. Pat. 3, 900, 542, Aug. 19, 1975.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. T. DeHoff; pgs. 529–553 in Characterization of Ceramics. Edited by L. L. Hench and R. W. Gould. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, N. Y., 1971.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. T. DeHoff and E. D. Whitney, p. 81–100 in Ceramic Micro-structures - ’76. R. M. Fulrath and J. A. Pask, Eds., Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, 1977.Google Scholar
  4. 4(a).
    H. Palmour III, M. L. Huckabee and T. M. Hare, p. 308–319 in Ceramic Microstructures - ’76. R. M. Fulrath and J. A. Pask, Eds. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, 1977.Google Scholar
  5. 4(b).
    H. Palmour III, M. L. Huckabee and T. M. Hare, Presented IV International Round Table Meeting on Sintering, Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, Sept. 5–10, 1977. To be published in the Conference Proceedings.Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    G. C. Kuczynski, p. 233–245 in Ceramic Microstructures - ’76. R. M. Fulrath and J. A. Pask, Eds., Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, 1977.Google Scholar
  7. 6.
    G. C. Kuczynski, Presented IV International Round Table Meeting on Sintering, Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, Sept. 5–10, 1977. To be published in the Conference Proceedings.Google Scholar
  8. 7.
    M. F. Yan, R. M. Cannon, U. Chowdhry, H. K. Bowen, Bull. Am. Ceram. Soc., 56, 291 (1977).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. L. Coble
    • 1
  • R. M. Cannon
    • 1
  1. 1.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyUSA

Personalised recommendations