Spectroscopy and Luminescence of Lanthanides and Actinides

  • R. G. Pappalardo


This chapter reviews the physical models and mathematical techniques used in the interpretation of radiative transitions within the shielded fn configurations of actinides and lanthanides in the condensed state. The tensor operator techniques of the spectroscopy of many electron systems can be utilized to interpret the main features of the observed transitions in absorption and emission. A perturbation approach based on a crystal potential exhibiting the site symmetry of the fn ion is used to explain the observed Stark splitting in the radiative transitions. The absorption and emission properties of trivalent lanthanide and actinide ions in solution and in LaCl3 are reviewed and discussed in terms of phenomenological parameters derived from the aforementioned physical models. Common features and distinctive behavior in the spectroscopy of the two f series are emphasized. Recent applications of lanthanide emission in science and technology are briefly reviewed.


Crystal Field Tensor Operator Reduce Matrix Element Crystal Field Parameter Crystal Potential 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. G. Pappalardo
    • 1
  1. 1.GTE Laboratories, Inc.WalthamUSA

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