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Metabolism and Degradation of Phenolic Compounds in Plants

  • W. Barz
  • W. Hoesel
Part of the Recent Advances in Phytochemistry book series (RAPT, volume 12)

Abstract

This chapter describes some recent aspects of the complex metabolism and degradation of phenolic constituents in higher plants. The concept behind this field of research is the assumption that phenolic plant constituents are not metabolically inactive storage products simply accumulating during the whole life of a plant, but are subject to relatively rapid turnover and degradation. This assumption is in contrast to previous ideas63, 76, 94and is based on a wide variety of experimental data3, 5, 6, 7, 26, 77, 94. These involve observations that various phenols or flavonoids found in seeds or young seedlings disappear completely upon germination3, 5, 36, 94. Certain phases of intensive growth are accompanied by substantial qualitative and/or quantitative changes in the spectrum of phenolics and these can only usually be interpreted by assuming catabolic processes to be involved. Various tracer studies5, 26have established the fact that both synthesis and turnover occur and that they occur simultaneously in the same plant. Phenol metabolism must be regarded, therefore, as a dynamic system involving steady-state concentrations of the various end products.

Keywords

Phenolic Compound Benzoic Acid Cell Suspension Culture Plant Cell Culture Cicer Arietinum 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Barz
    • 1
  • W. Hoesel
    • 1
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für Biochemie der PflanzenWestfälische Wilhelms-UniversitätMünsterFederal Republic of Germany

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