Advertisement

Fimbriae of Actinomyces Viscosus T14V: Their Relationship to the Virulence-Associated Antigen and to Coaggregation with Streptococcus Sanguis 34

  • John O. Cisar
  • Floyd C. McIntire
  • Albert E. Vatter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 107)

Abstract

Actinomyces viscosus and the closely related A. naeslundii are plaque bacteria and have been implicated in the etiology of root surface caries and periodontal disease in experimental animals and in man (1–5). The specialized cell surface features which equip these microorganisms for life in the oral cavity are just beginning to be understood. An early clue was the finding of a fibrillar layer (i.e., fimbriae) on the cell surface of both organisms (6). Subsequent studies have provided electron microscopic evidence for participation of these structures in adherence to oral streptococci (7) and to epithelial cells (8).

Keywords

Periodontal Disease Cell Wall Polysaccharide Oral Streptococcus Adherence Phenomenon Galactosyl Residue 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Jordan, H. V., Fitzgerald, R. J. and Stanley, H. R., Am. J. Pathol. 47: 1157, 1965.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Socransky, S. S., Hubersak, C. and Propas, D., Arch. Oral Biol. 15: 993, 1970.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jordan, H. V. and Hammond, B. F., Arch. Oral Biol. 17: 1333, 1972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jordan, H. V., Keyes, P. H. and Bellack, S., J. Periodont. Res. 7: 21, 1972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Crawford, A.C.R., Socransky, S. S., Smith, E. and Phillips, R., J. Dent. Res. 56B: Abstr. No. 275, 1977.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Girard, A. E. and Jacius, B. H., Arch. Oral Biol. 19: 71, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ellen, R. P. and Balcerzak-Raczkowski, I. B., J. Periodont. Res. 12: 11, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ellen, R. P. and Walker, D. L., J. Dent. Res. 56A: Abstr. No. 451, 1977.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hammond, B. F., Steel, C. F. and Peindl, K. S., J. Dent. Res. 55: A19, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gibbons, R. J. and Nygaard, M., Arch. Oral Biol. 15: 1397, 1970.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cisar, J. O., Vatter, A. E. and McIntire, F. C., Infect. Immun. in press, 1978.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cisar, J. O., Vatter, A. E. and Mclntire, F. C., Infect. Immun. manuscript submitted.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    McIntire, F. C., Vatter, A. E., Baros, J. and Arnold, J., Infect. Immun. manuscript submitted.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Birdsell, D. C. and Fischlschweiger, W., J. Dent. Res. 56B: Abstr. No. 263, 1977.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kumazawa, N. and Yanagawa, R., Infect. Immun. 5: 27, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Brinton, C. C., Jr., Trans, N.Y. Acad. Sci. Ser. 227: 1003, 1965.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ottow, J.C.G., Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 29: 79, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Steele, E. J., Jenkin, C. R. and Rowley, D., in The Antigens (Edited by Sela, M.) Vol. IV, Academic Press, New York, 1977.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lis, H. and Sharon, N., in The Antigens (Edited by Sela, M.) Vol. IV, Academic Press, New York, 1977.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rölla, G. and Kilian, M., Caries Res. 11: 85, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Duguid, J. P. and Gillies, R. R., J. Pathol. Bacteriol. 74: 397, 1957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • John O. Cisar
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Floyd C. McIntire
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Albert E. Vatter
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of Microbiology and ImmunologyNational Institute of Dental ResearchBethesdaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Oral Biology and PathologyUniversity of Colorado Medical CenterDenverUSA
  3. 3.Department of the Webb-Waring Lung InstituteUniversity of Colorado Medical CenterDenverUSA

Personalised recommendations