Advertisement

COELOMATE INVERTEBRATES (except Crustacea, Arachnida and Insecta)

  • M. A. Ali
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 18)

Abstract

The groups to be considered in this chapter (Table 1) form a vast and very heterogeneous assemblage. This renders the task of doing a detailed survey of their ecosensory functions very difficult but challenging and interesting. The main purpose is to assemble the information available mostly in appropriate textbooks and review articles, and present it with a view to pointing out relationships among habitats, sensory functions, modes of life, feeding and locomotion. One can readily see that at times the distinctions are not always clear. Parasitism is a mode of life as well as feeding. The same group of cells could carry out more than one sensory function e.g. tactile and chemoreceptive. Or, a function could be carried out by a group of cells which do not form an organ such as in the case of the sensory cells which form clusters and are photo- receptive.

Keywords

Nerve Cord Ventral Nerve Cord Cerebral Ganglion Free Nerve Ending Pedal Ganglion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barnes, R.D. (1974). Invertebrate Zoology. 3rd. ed. Saunders Philadelphia, 870 p.Google Scholar
  2. Barrington, E.J.W. (1967). Invertebrate Structure and Function. Nelson, London, 549 p.Google Scholar
  3. Boolootian, R.A. (ed.) (1966). Physiology of Echinodermata. Interscience Publishers, New York. 822 p.Google Scholar
  4. Bullock, T.H. and Horridge, G.A. (1965). Structure and Function of the Nervous Systems of Invertebrates. Vols 1 and 2. Freeman, San Francisco, 1719 p.Google Scholar
  5. Clark, R.B. and Olive, P.J.W. (1973). Recent advances in polychaete endocrinology and reproductive biology. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 11 (Cited in Highman and Hill, 1977).Google Scholar
  6. Dales, R.P. (1967). Annelids. Hutchinson Univ. Lib., London, 200 p.Google Scholar
  7. Daley, J.M. (1973). The ability to locate a source of vibrations as a prey-capture mechanism in Haemothöö inbvioata (Annelida Polychaeta). Mar. Behav. Physiol. 11 305 - 322.Google Scholar
  8. Eckert, R. (1972). Bioelectric control of ciliary activity. Science 176: 473–481.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Edwards, C.A. and Lofty, J.R. (1972). Biology of the Earthworms. Chapman and Hall, London, 283 p.Google Scholar
  10. Evans, F.G.C. (1951). An analysis of the behaviour of Lepidochitona cineveus in response to certain physical features of the environment. J. Anim. Ecol. 20: 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Field, L.H. and MacMillan, D.L. (1973). An electrophysiological and behavioral study of sensory responses in Tritonia (Gastropoda, Nudibranchia). Mar. Behav. Physiol. 2: 171–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Galtsoff, P.S. (1961). Physiology of reproduction in molluscs. Am. Zool. 11 273–289.Google Scholar
  13. Gardiner, M.S. (1972). The Biology of Invertebrates. McGraw-Hill, New York, 954 p.Google Scholar
  14. Gelperin, A. (1974). Olfactory basis in homing behavior in the giant garden slug, Limax maximus. Proc. Nat..Acad. Sei. U.S.A. 71: 966–970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gerschenfeld, H.M. (1973). Chemical transmission in invertebrate nervous systems and neuromuscular junctions. Physiol. Rev. 53: 1–119.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Gray, J. and Lissmann, H.W. (1938). Studies in animal locomotion. VII. Locomotory reflexes in the earthworms. J. Exp. Biol. 15: 506–517.Google Scholar
  17. Highman, K.C. and Hill, L. (1977). The Comparative Endocrinology of the Invertebrates. 2nd. ed. Edward Arnold, London, 357 p.Google Scholar
  18. Himmelman, J.H. (1975). Phytoplankton as a stimulus for spawning in three marine invertebrates. J. Exp. Biol. Ecol. 20: 199–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Horridge, G.A. (1962). Learning of leg position of the ventral nerve cord in headless insects. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B157: 33–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jahan-Perwar, B. and Fredman, S.M. (1976). Chemoreception in Aplysia. In Neurobiology of Invertebrates, Gastropoda Brain. Ed. J. Salanki. Akad. Kiado, Budapest, p. 511–524.Google Scholar
  21. Kandel, E.R. (1976). Invertebrate nervous systems and the mechanisms of behavior. In The Nervous System, Vol. 1, The basic neuro-sciences. Ed. R.O. Brady. Raven Press, New York p. 663–669.Google Scholar
  22. Knight-Jones, E.W. (1952). On the nervous system of Sacooqlossus cambvensis. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B236: 315–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kohn, A.J. (1961). Chemoreception in gastropod molluscs. Am. Zool. 11 291–308.Google Scholar
  24. Kupfermann, I. and Kandel, E.R. (1970). Electrophysiological properties and functional interconnections of two symmetrical neurosecretory clusters (by cells) in abdominal ganglion of Aplysia. J. Neurophysiol. 33: 865–876.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Mackie, G.O. (1965). Conduction in the nerve-free epithelia of siphonophores. Am. Zool. 5: 439–453.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Pavans de Ceccaty, M. (1974). Coordination in sponges. The foundations of integration. Am. Zool. 14: 895–903.Google Scholar
  27. Smith, J.E. (1950). Some observations on the nervous mechanisms underlying the behavior of starfishes. Symp. Soc. Exp. Biol. 4: 196–220.Google Scholar
  28. Thorpe, W.H. (1963). Learning and Instinct in Animals. 2nd ed. Methuen, London, 558 p.Google Scholar
  29. Wald, G. and Rayport, S. (1977). Vision in annelid worms. Science 196: 1434–1439.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Walker, R.J. (1977). Putative transmitters in invertebrates. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 5: 841–844.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Wells, M.J. (1962). Brain and Behavior of Cephalopods. Heineman, London, 171 p.Google Scholar
  32. Wells, M.J. (1966). Cephalopod sense organs. In Physiology of Mollusca. Eds. K.M. Wilbur and C.M. Yonge, Vol. 2. Academic Press, New York, p. 523–545.Google Scholar
  33. Wells, M.J. (1976). Hormonal control of reproduction in cephalopods. In Perspectives in Experimental Biology. Ed. P. Spencer Davies, Vol. 1: Zoology. Pergamon Press, Oxford, p. 157–166.Google Scholar
  34. Wilbur, K.M. and Yonge, C.M. (Eds.) (1964). Physiology of Mollusca. Vol. II. Academic Press, New York, 645 p.Google Scholar
  35. Wood, L. (1968). Physiological and ecological aspects of prey selection by the marine gastropod Urosalpinx cinerea (Proso- branchia: Muricidae). Malacologia 36: 267–320.Google Scholar
  36. Yingst, D.R., Fernandez, H.R. and Bishop, I.G. (1972). The spectral sensitivity of a littoral annelid, Nereis mediator. J. Comp. Physiol. 77: 225–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Young, J.Z. (1961). Learning and discrimination in the octopus. Biol. Rev. 36: 32–96.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Ali
    • 1
  1. 1.Département de BiologieUniversité de MontréalMontréalCanada

Personalised recommendations