Borate Glasses pp 491-508 | Cite as

Electrical and Dielectric Properties of Borate Glasses

  • R. K. MacCrone
Part of the Materials Science Research book series (MSR, volume 12)


Some common features of the “well known” dielectric relaxation in oxide glasses are discussed.

A structural model of glasses which may be generally appropriate to account for electric properties is suggested. Indirect experimental evidence for the model is briefly described.

In this paper we will be only concerned with the first relaxation that occurs below the softening temperature in all glasses containing a single modifying ion; that is, the well known dielectric relaxation due to e.g. sodium ion migration. This relaxation is also mechanically active, and gives rise to an analogous mechanical relaxation. We will not discuss relaxations due to surface polarization and electrode effects, or the mixed alkali effect.


Dielectric Relaxation Borate Glass Mobile Species Dipolar Relaxation Conductivity Relaxation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    H. Frohlich, Theory of Dielectrics, Oxford University Press (1958).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. J. Charles, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 1115 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. E. Taylor, J. Soc. Glass Tech. 41, 350 (1957);Google Scholar
  4. H. E. Taylor, J. Soc. Glass Tech. 43, 124 (1959).Google Scholar
  5. 4.
    L. Heroux, J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1639 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 5.
    L. P. Boesch and C. T. Moynihan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 17, 44 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 6.
    D. W. Moore and D. Day, Phys. Chem. Glass 12, 75 (1971).Google Scholar
  8. 7.
    R. A. Anderson and R. K. MacCrone, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 14, 112 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 8.
    B. Rawal and R. K. MacCrone, in The Physics of Non-Crystalline Solids, 4th International Conference, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, 1976, Ed. G. H. Frischat, Trans. Tech. Publications, 1977, p. 248.Google Scholar
  10. 9.
    R. M. Hakim and D. R. Uhlman, Phys. Chem. Glasses 14, 81 (1973).Google Scholar
  11. 10.
    J. O. Isard, Proc. I.E.E., Supl. No. 22, 109B, 440 (1962).Google Scholar
  12. 11.
    T. Nakajima, 1971 Annual Rep., Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, National Academy of Science, p. 168.Google Scholar
  13. 12.
    T. A. Litovitz and P. B. Macedo, in Amorphous Materials, Eds.R. W. Douglas and B. Ellis, Proc. of Int. Conference on the Physics of Non-Crystalline Solids at Sheffield, 1970, p. 251.Google Scholar
  14. 13.
    V. Provenzano, L. P. Boesch, V. Volterra, C. T. Moynihan and P. B. Macedo, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 55, 492 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 14.
    C. T. Moynihan, L. B. Boesch and N. L. Laberge, Phys. Chem. Glasses 14, 122 (1973).Google Scholar
  16. 15.
    G. Williams, D. C. Watts, S. B. Dev and A. M. North, Trans. Farad Soc. 67, 1323 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 16.
    S. H. Glarum, J. Chem. Phys. 33, 1371 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 17.
    B. Rawal, Ph.D. Thesis, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (1977).Google Scholar
  19. 18.
    G. Tomandl, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 14, 101 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 19.
    J. Aiken and R. K. MacCrone, in “Mass Transport in Solids”, Eds. A. R. Cooper and A. H. Heuer, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  21. 20.
    M. Pollak and H. A. Pohl, J. Chem. Phys. 63, 2980 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 21.
    J. Krogh-Moe, Phys. Chem. Glasses 3, 208 (1962).Google Scholar
  23. 22.
    J. Krogh-Moe and H. Jurin, Phys. Chem. Glasses 6, 30 (1965).Google Scholar
  24. 23.
    B. D. Mosel, W. Muller-Warmuth and H. Dutz, Phys. Chem. Glasses 15, 154 (1974).Google Scholar
  25. 24.
    G. E. Peterson and A. Carnevale, J. Chem. Phys. 56, 4868 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 25.
    B. Rawal and R. K. MacCrone, to be published.Google Scholar
  27. 26.
    R. Doremus, in Glass Science, J. Wiley and Sons, 1973, p. 204.Google Scholar
  28. 27.
    M. Tomozawa, in Treatise on Materials Science, Ed. H. Herman, Academic Press, to be published.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. MacCrone
    • 1
  1. 1.Rensselaer Polytechnic InstituteTroyUSA

Personalised recommendations