Advertisement

High Pressure Structural and Lattice Dynamical Investigations at Reduced Temperatures

  • E. F. Skelton
  • I. L. Spain
  • F. J. Rachford

Abstract

Two diamond-anvil pressure cells designed for polycrystalline and single crystal x-ray studies at pressures up to 10 GPa and simultaneously at temperatures down to 2 K are discussed. Recent data concerning the low temperature phase diagram of Bi up to 8 GPa are reviewed along with the salient features of our x-ray detection systems — including energy dispersive facilities. The objectives of our research program on high Tc superconductors are reviewed and some very recent data on V3Si revealing an anomalous increase in the x-ray Bragg scattering on cooling are presented. A preliminary analysis of this anomaly suggests that the low temperature increase in the thermal vibrations may be attributed to the Si atoms and possibly represent a precursor to the martensitic transition.

Keywords

Bragg Reflection Thermal Vibration Single Crystal Diamond Diffraction Vector Martensitic Transition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J.C. Jamieson, A.W. Lawson, and N.D. Nachtrieb, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 30 1016 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    C.E. Weir, E.R. Lippincott, A. Van Valkenburg, and E.N. Bunting, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. A 63, 55 (1959).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A.L. Hammon, Science 190, 967 (1975).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Block and G. Piermarini, Phys. Today 29, 44 (September 1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    E.F. Skelton, I.L. Spain, S.C. Yu, C.Y. Liu, E.R. Carpenter, Jr., Rev. Sci. Instrum., 48, 879 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G.J. Piermarini, S. Block, and J.D. Barnett, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5377 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.D. Barnett, S. Block, and G.J. Piermarini, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 44, 1 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Model LT-3–110 manufactured by Air Products Inc., Allentown, PA 18105.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E.F. Skelton, C.Y. Liu, and I.L. Spain, “Simple Improvements toa Diamond Anvil High Pressure Cell for X-Ray Diffraction Studies” to be published in High Temp. — High Press.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    D.L. Decker, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 157 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 10a.
    D.L. Decker, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 5012 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 10b.
    D.L. Decker, J. Appl. Phys. 42, 3239 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 11.
    L.C. Chhabildas and A.L. Ruoff, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4182 and 4867 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 12.
    C.T. Van Degrift, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 46, 599 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 13.
    F.J. Rachford, I.L. Spain, and E.F. Skelton — to be published.Google Scholar
  16. 14.
    C.G. Homan, J.Phys. Chem. Solids 36, 1249 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 15.
    C.G. Homan, T.E. Davidson, and D.P. Kendall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 615 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 16.
    D.L. Decker, private communication, 1976.Google Scholar
  19. 17.
    R.M. Brugger, R.B. Bennion, and T.G. Worlton, Phys. Lett. A 24, 714 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 18.
    R.M. Bruger, T.B. Bennion, T.G. Worlton, and W.R. Meyers, Trans. Am. Crystallogr. Assoc. 5, 141 (1969).Google Scholar
  21. 19.
    See J.F. Cannon, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 3, 781 (1974) and references therein.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 20.
    B.W. Batterman and C.S. Barrett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 390 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 21.
    L.R. Testardi, T.B. Bateman, W.A. Reid, and V.G. Chirba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 250 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 22.
    L.R. Testardi, in Physical Acoustics ed. by W.P. Mason and R.N. Thurston (Academic, New York, 1973), Vol. 10.Google Scholar
  25. 23.
    R.N. Bhatt and W.L. McMillan Phys. Rev. 14, 1007 (1976).Google Scholar
  26. 24.
    L. D. Landau and E.M. Lifshitz, Statistical Physics (Pergamon, London, 1958), pp. 430 – 456.Google Scholar
  27. 25.
    S. Huang and C.W. Chu, Phys. Rev. 10, 4030 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 26.
    R.N. Shelton and T.F. Smith, Mat. Res. Bull 10, 1013 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 27.
    C.W. Chu and L.R. Testardi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 766 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 28.
    E.F. Skelton, J.L. Feldman, C.Y. Liu, and I.L. Spain, Phys. Rev. 13, 2605 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 29.
    R.D. Blaugher, A. Taylor, and M. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 33, 292 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 30.
    C.M. Varma, J.C. Phillips, and S.T. Chui, Phys. Rev. Lett. 33, 1223 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 31.
    L.R. Testardi and T.B. Bateman, Phys. Rev. 154, 402 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 32.
    E.F. Skelton, Acta. Cryst. A32, 467 (1967).Google Scholar
  35. 33.
    E.F. Skelton, J. Appl. Cryst. 10, 123 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 34.
    R.E. Larson and J.L. Repace, NRL Memo Report 2658, NRL Computer Bull. 34, Naval Research Laboratory, Wash. D.C. 20375.Google Scholar
  37. 35.
    E.F. Skelton, P.L. Radoff, P. Bolsaitis, and A. Verbalis, Phys. Rev. 5, 3008 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 36.
    E.F. Skelton and J.L. Katz, Acta. Cryst. A25, 319 (1969).Google Scholar
  39. 37.
    International Tables for X-Ray. Crystallography, Vol. 1, SG Nr. 223 (Birmingham; Kynoch Press.)Google Scholar
  40. 38.
    W.J. A. M. Peterse and J.H. Palm, Acta Cryst. 20, 147 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 39.
    P.A. Doyle and P.S. Turner, Acta Cryst. A24, 390 (1968).Google Scholar
  42. 40.
    J. -L. Staudenmann, P. Coppens, and J. Muller, Solid State Comm. 19, 29 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 41.
    B.N. Kodess, Soviet Phys. Solid State 16, 782 (1974).Google Scholar
  44. 42.
    E.I. Geshko, V.B. Lototskii, and V.P. Mikhal’chenko Ukr. Fiz. Zh. 21, 186 (1976).Google Scholar
  45. 43.
    J. -L Staudenmann, ACA Program and Abstracts 5, 82 (1977); private communication (1977).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. F. Skelton
    • 1
  • I. L. Spain
    • 2
  • F. J. Rachford
    • 2
  1. 1.Naval Research LaboratoryMaterial Sciences DivisionUSA
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations