Wind Energy

  • Peter Musgrove


Man has used the energy in the wind for thousands of years. First to propel his ships and then, nearly two thousand years ago in Persia, he harnessed the wind on land with the first primitive windmills. Windmills, of the traditional Dutch type (Figure 1) came into widespread use, at least in Europe, by the 13th or 14th century A.D. and remained in regular use until early this century. They were used for water drainage, grinding corn and many other purposes. And in the 19th century the small, multi-bladed, windmill (Figure 2) was developed and widely used, in the U.S.A. and Australia, to pump water from boreholes for cattle. In fact the growth of the cattle breeding industries in the U.S.A. and Australia was made possible by windmills of this type — without their use much of the land used for cattle rearing would have been useless. By the end of the 19th century, in the U.S.A. alone, more than 5 million windmills of this type were in use.


Wind Speed Wind Energy Power Coefficient Variable Pitch Blade Pitch 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Musgrove
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EngineeringReading UniversityReadingEngland

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